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One of the eight parts of speech, prepositions are short but essential words which are placed after a verb, noun, or adjective in order to indicate a relationship between that word and the noun or pronoun that follows.
|Je vais à Paris.||I’m going to Paris.|
|C’est un livre de français.||It’s a French book. (literally, "book of French")|
|Cette question est difficile pour moi.||This question is difficult for me.|
Prepositions are tricky because, while they exist in both French and English, there is no nice one-to-one correlation between them. Many French prepositions have more than one English equivalent, depending on how they are used – and vice versa. In addition, a preposition is often needed in French where none is used in English – and vice versa again. This is one of those areas of grammar that you will likely continue to struggle with for a long time. But with time and practice, you’ll get the hang of it.
Here are the most common French prepositions and their typical English translations.
|à||to, at, in|
|chez||at the home/office of, among|
|de||from, of, about|
|derrière||in back of, behind|
|devant||in front of|
|jusque||until, up to|
A group of words that, together, function as a preposition is called a prepositional phrase.
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