De

De - French preposition
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French preposition

The preposition de is generally summarized as "of, from, or about," but it has quite a few more meanings and uses than that.

  When de is followed by the definite article le or les, the two words must contract.

  le les But… la l’
de du des   de la de l’

 However, de does not contract with the direct objects le and les.

J’ai promis de le faire – I promised to do it.

1) Origin or starting point

 Il est du Midi. He’s from the South of France.
     Nous arrivons de Lille. We’re arriving from Lille.

2) Reference point

 Nous sommes à deux km de la plage. We’re two kilometers from the beach.
 Il habite à 20 minutes d’ici. He lives 20 minutes from here.

3) Possession

 la voiture de Nicole Nicole’s car
 la poste de Brest Brest’s post office

4) Description, defining feature

     la soupe de tomates tomato soup
 un bébé de 3 mois a three-month-old baby

5) Contents

     un verre de vin glass of wine
 un film de guerre war film, film about war

6) Cause or reason

     rougir de honte to blush with shame
 être mécontent de la décision to be annoyed about the decision

7) Means or manner

 dessiner de la main gauche to draw left-handed
     regarder d’un air admiratif to look at admiringly

8) Start of a period of time / range

     J’ai travaillé de 8h à midi. I worked from 8am to noon.
 du lundi au samedi from Monday to Saturday

9) Presentation of agent in the passive voice

 Elle est très appréciée de ses étudiants. She is well liked by her students.
 Je serai accompagné de mon père. I’ll be accompanied by my father.

10) After verbs

 Many verbs must be followed by de in front of a noun or infinitive.

11) After adjectives

 Some adjectives must be followed by de in front of a noun or infinitive.

12) After merci

 Merci de votre assistance. Thank you for your assistance.
 Merci de vs merci pour

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Une tasse de thé de Chine

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