Adverbs

French adverbs
Share / Tweet / Pin Me!

Adverbes

One of the eight parts of speech, adverbs are descriptors: they can modify several different parts of speech, including themselves. Virtually every French word that ends in -ment is an adverb, equivalent to -ly in English. But there are also many adverbs that don’t end in -ment.

Characteristics of French Adverbs

  1. May modify verbs, adjectives, prepositions, or other adverbs
  2. Are invariable
  3. Are categorized according to type of modification
  4. Follow specific placement rules

Types of French Adverbs

Here are the different types of French adverbs with a few examples of each. Click the titles for detailed lessons on each type.

Adverbs of Frequency

 

Adverbs of Manner

jamais ever bien well
parfois sometimes heureusement fortunately
rarement rarely mal poorly
souvent often poliment politely
toujours always vite quickly

Adverbs of Place

 

Adverbs of Quantity

dehors outside assez quite, fairly
ici here beaucoup   a lot
lĂ  there peu few, little
partout everywhere très very
quelque part  somewhere trop too much

Adverbs of Time

 

Exclamative Adverbs

bientĂ´t soon ce que how, so
dĂ©jĂ  already combien (de) so much/many
hier yesterday comme how, so
longtemps for a long time que (de) how, so
maintenant   now qu’est-ce que how, so

Interrogative Adverbs

 

Negative Adverbs

combien how much/many ne … guère hardly
comment how ne … jamais never
oĂą where ne … pas not
pourquoi why ne … plus not any more
quand when ne … que only

Comparative Adverbs

 

Superlative Adverbs

moins less le moins the least
plus more, ___er le plus the most, the ___est
aussi as    

Pronominal Adverbs

    
en of it    
y there    

French Adverbs and Word Order

Very generally speaking, when adverbs modify verbs, they are placed after the (first) verb.

Je travaille beaucoup. I work a lot.
J’ai beaucoup travaillĂ©. I worked a lot.
Je dois beaucoup travailler. I have to work a lot.

When adverbs modify any other part of speech, they precede it.

Je suis très fatiguĂ©. I’m very tired.
Je suis assez souvent fatiguĂ©. I’m tired fairly often.
Il habite tout près de moi. He lives quite near me.

Word order with adverbs will be addressed in more detail in a future lesson.

 Related lessons

Learn Spanish En español

Learn Italian In italiano

 Share / Tweet / Pin Me!

French adverbs

Questions about French?

 Ask me in the comments section below or visit the Progress with Lawless French Q+A forum to get help from native French speakers and fellow learners.

More Lawless French

 Subscribe to my twice-weekly newsletter.

Support Lawless French

  This free website is created with love and a great deal of work.

If you love it, please consider making a one-time or monthly donation.

Your support is entirely optional but tremendously appreciated.