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Initiation aux verbes
Verbs are action words that express the action (He runs) or state of being (I am tired) of a sentence. They are one of the main parts of speech.
French verbs have to be “conjugated” or “inflected”; that is, changed according to how they are used. They have five to six different conjugations for each tense and mood.
The basic form of a verb is called the infinitive and is the name of the verb. The English infinitive is “to” followed by a verb, while the French infinitive is a single word with one of three infinitive endings (-er, –ir, or –re). These can then be further divided into regular verbs, which follow a standard pattern of verb conjugations, and irregular verbs, which don’t:
|1.||-er||parler||(to speak)||Regular -er verbs||Irregular -er verbs|
|2.||-ir||finir||(to finish)||Regular -ir verbs||Irregular -ir verbs|
|3.||-re||vendre||(to sell)||Regular -re verbs||Irregular -re verbs|
Most French verbs are conjugated by removing the infinitive ending to find the "radical" or "root" (e.g.,
- What is verb conjugation?
- Regular -er verbs
- Regular -ir verbs
- Regular -re verbs
- Top 10 irregular verbs
- Tenses, moods, voices
- Verb conjugation tables
Self-study checklist with lessons, quizzes, and comprehension exercises.