|Share / Tweet / Pin Me!|
Les modes du verbe
Verb mood is all about the ‘tude; that is, the speaker’s attitude about the verb, whether it’s a fact, an opinion, a command, or a possibility.
French has a total of six verb moods: two impersonal and four personal.
Impersonal moods – Modes impersonnels
Grammatically speaking, impersonal means unrelated to a subject: there is only one form of the verb for all grammatical persons.
|Infinitive||Infinitif||Nominal verb form – the name of the verb as well as its noun form||être||to be|
|Participle||Participe||Adjectival verb form||étant||being|
Personal moods – Modes personnels
Personal moods have a different conjugation for each grammatical person.
|Conditional||Conditionnel||Condition or possibility||tu serais||you would be|
|Indicative||Indicatif||Indication of a fact – this is the most common, "normal" mood*||tu es||you are|
|Subjunctive||Subjonctif||Subjectivity, doubt, or impossibility||que tu sois||that you be|
Mood is about attitude, Tense is about time.
- There are three Tenses: present, past, and future, so these tell you when something happens.
- In comparison, Mood indicates how the speaker feels about what’s happening: is it a fact? a supposition? a command? a possibility?
Every verb form has Tense and Mood – they work together, as you can see in my French verb timeline.