|Share / Tweet / Pin Me!|
Les modes du verbe
Verb mood is all about the ‘tude; that is, the speaker’s attitude about the verb, whether it’s a fact, an opinion, a command, or a possibility.
French has a total of six verb moods: two impersonal and four personal.
Impersonal moods – Modes impersonnels
Grammatically speaking, impersonal means not related to a subject: there is only one form of the verb for all grammatical persons.
|Infinitive – Infinitif||Nominal verb form – the name of the verb as well as its noun form||être||to be|
|Participle – Participe||Adjectival verb form||étant||being|
Personal moods – Modes personnels
|Personal moods have a different conjugation for each grammatical person.|
|Conditional – Conditionnel||Condition or possibility||tu étais||you were|
|Imperative – Impératif||Command||sois||be|
|Indicative – Indicatif||Indication of a fact – this is the most common, "normal" mood*||tu es||you are|
|Subjunctive – Subjonctif||Subjectivity, doubt, or impossibility||que tu sois||that you be|
Mood vs Tense
Mood is about attitude, tense is about time. There are three tenses: present, past, and future, so these tell you when something happens. In comparison, mood indicates how the speaker feels about what’s happening: is it a fact? a supposition? a command? a possibility? Every verb form has a tense and mood – they work together (full chart coming soon).
* Hint: when the mood is not stated explicitly, for example passé composé, it’s the indicative mood.