In English, we use the modal "would" plus a verb to talk about actions that may or may not take place, usually depending on whether a certain condition is met. The French equivalent to this construction is a conditional mood with a full set of conjugations for every verb. The uses of these two constructions are very similar.
The most common use of the French conditional is in the result (then) clause of conditional sentences (aka si clauses), which describe what would happen if some condition were met.
|Je t’appellerais si j’avais des nouvelles /
Si j’avais des nouvelles, je t’appellerais.
|I would call you if I had any news /
If I had any news, I would call you.
|Tu réussirais à l’examen si tu étudiais /
Si tu étudiais, tu réussirais à l’examen.
|You’d pass the test if you studied /
If you studied, you’d pass the test.
Vouloir (to want) can be used in the conditional to ask for something.
|Je voudrais vous accompagner.||I would like to go with you.|
|Nous voudrions commander maintenant.||We’d like to order now.|
Fais gaffe ! The conditional can never follow si, so you can’t translate "if you would like" as
si vous voudriez – the correct translation is si vous voulez.
Aimer (to like) can be used in the conditional to talk about wanting to do something that you may not be able to do.
|J’aimerais voir un film, mais je dois étudier.||I’d like to see a movie, but I have to study.|
|Nous aimerions y être avec toi.||We’d like to be there with you, We wish we could be there with you.|
- Conditional conjugations
- Modal verbs
- Si clauses
- Conditional perfect
- Introduction to verbs
- Culinary culture (Lesson, 8th-9th grade)
- Culinary culture: Grammar (Worksheet, 10th-11th grade)
- Expressing a condition with “if” (Lesson, 10th-11th grade)
- Expressing a condition with “if” (Worksheet, 10th-11th grade)
- Idioms with “if” (Worksheet, 8th-10th grade)
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