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It’s imperative that you understand the imperative mood if you want to
- give orders
- make requests
- express desires
- provide recommendations
- offer advice
- prohibit actions
When telling someone to do something, you’re giving an affirmative command.
|Fais tes devoirs !||Do your homework!|
|Prenez soin de vous.||Take care of yourself.|
Logically enough, telling someone not to do something is a negative command.
|Ne parle pas si fort.||Don’t speak so loudly.|
|Ne soyons pas en retard.||Let’s not be late.|
Word order with negative commands follows the same rules as virtually* all other verb tenses and moods:
- Ne precedes the verb and pas or another negative word follows it.
- Any object, reflexive, and adverbial pronouns go between ne and the verb.
|Ne le regarde pas.||Don’t look at him.|
|Ne nous en parlez pas.||Don’t talk to us about that.|
Lesson: Double pronoun order
*Affirmative commands are the only French verb form that requires a different word order. Instead of preceding the verb, the pronouns follow it and are connected by hyphens.
|Parle-lui.||Talk to him.|
|Montrez-le-nous.||Show it to us.|
|Parlez-m’en.||Talk to me about that.|
Me and te use their stressed forms, moi and toi, in the affirmative imperative when they are at the end of the verbal construction.
|Parle-moi.||Talk to me.|
- Imperative conjugations
- Imperative lessons – PwLF super list
- Past imperative
- Verb mood
- Object pronouns
- Reflexive pronouns
- Adverbial pronouns
- Negative adverbs
- Si clauses
- Introduction to verbs
- L’art langagier du caméléon (Lesson, 3rd-5th grade)
- Simon dit ! (Simon says!) (Lesson, 5th-8th grade)
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