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To give an order for something to be done before something else or by a certain time, you can use the French past imperative.
|Aie fini le travail quand j’arrive.||Have the work finished when I arrive.|
|Soyons rentrés avant minuit.||Let’s be back home by midnight.|
The past imperative is very rare – you can generally use the regular imperative for a very similar meaning. Nonetheless, you should be able to recognize the conjugations.
Past imperative conjugations
The past imperative is a compound verb form, which means its conjugation has two components:
|1.||auxiliary (avoir or être)||imperative|
|2.||main verb||past participle|
Like the imperative, the past imperative has conjugations for only three grammatical persons:
|avoir verb||être verb||pronominal verb|
|donner (to give)||sortir (to go out)||s’habiller (to get dressed)|
|(tu)||aie donné||sois sorti(e)||te sois habillé(e)|
|(nous)||ayons donné||soyons sorti(e)s||nous soyons habillé(e)s|
|(vous)||ayez donné||soyez sorti(e)(s)||vous soyez habillé(e)(s)|
Past participle agreement
As in all compound conjugations, the past participle in the past imperative may need to agree in gender and number with the word it modifies – learn more.