Past Participles – Regular and Irregular

Conjugaisons du participe passé

French past participles
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Regular French verbs, stem-changing verbs, and a few irregular verbs conjugate the past participle by dropping the infinitive ending to find the stem, then adding the past participle ending for that type of verb:

Par exemple…

 -er verbs stem-changing-ir verbs-re verbs
donner
(to give)
appeler
(to call)
choisir
(to choose)
perdre
(to lose)
stemdonn-appel-chois-perd-
ending-i-u
past participledonnéappeléchoisiperdu

Irregular Past Participles

Most irregular verbs have irregular past participles:

verb past participle
acquérir acquis
apprendre appris
atteindre atteint
avoir eu
boire bu
comprendre compris
conduire conduit
connaître connu
construire construit
courir couru
couvrir couvert
craindre craint
croire cru
décevoir déçu
découvrir découvert
devoir 
dire dit
écrire écrit
être été
faire fait
instruire instruit
joindre joint
lire lu
mettre mis
mourir mort
naître 
offrir offert
ouvrir ouvert
paraître paru
peindre peint
pouvoir pu
prendre pris
produire produit
recevoir reçu
savoir su
souffrir souffert
suivre suivi
tenir tenu
venir venu
vivre vécu
voir vu
vouloir voulu

 Past participle agreement

The French past participle always needs to agree when it is used in the passive voice or as an adjective.

In compound tenses, it may need to agree – learn more.

 Related lessons

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French past participles

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