Past Participle

French past participles
Share / Tweet / Pin Me!

Participe passé

The past participle is a verb form with several roles. It’s essential in the creation of compound verb tenses/moods and the passive voice, and it can also be used as an adjective.

The French past participle usually ends in -Ă©, -i, or -u, and is equivalent to –ed or –en in English. It has three primary uses.

1) Compound verb forms

Compound verb tenses and moods are two-word verb forms made up of a conjugated auxiliary verb (avoir or ĂȘtre) plus a past participle.

Par exemple…

  Compound verb form
J’ai perdu mes clĂ©s.I lost my keys.passĂ© composĂ©
J’Ă©tais dĂ©jĂ  tombĂ©.I had already fallen.pluperfect
Je l’aurai essayĂ©.I will have tried it.future perfect

2) Passive voice

Être plus a past participle forms the passive voice.

Par exemple…

Paris est aimĂ© de tous. Paris is loved by all.
Les stations-service sont souvent braquĂ©es.  Gas stations are often held up.
Le mariage sera suivi d’une rĂ©ception. The wedding will be followed by a reception.

3) Adjectives

When used as an adjective, the French past participle may be equivalent in English to a past or present participle, or to a regular adjective.

Par exemple…

Il y a une voiture arrĂȘtĂ©e au carrefour. There’s a stopped car in the intersection.
Les enfants sont assis dans le salon. The kids are sitting in the living room.
Pourquoi est-elle fĂąchĂ©e ? Why is she angry?

 Related lessons

Learn Spanish En español

Learn Italian In italiano

 Share / Tweet / Pin Me!

French past participles

Questions about French?

 Ask me in the comments section below or visit the Progress with Lawless French Q+A forum to get help from native French speakers and fellow learners.

More Lawless French

 Subscribe to my twice-weekly newsletter.

Support Lawless French

  This free website is created with love and a great deal of work.

If you love it, please consider making a one-time or monthly donation.

Your support is entirely optional but tremendously appreciated.