Past Participle

Participe passé

The past participle is a verb form with several roles. It’s essential in the creation of compound verb tenses/moods and the passive voice, and it can also be used as an adjective. The French past participle usually ends -é, -i, or -u, and is equivalent to -ed or -en in English.

Compound verb forms

Compound verb tenses and moods are two-word verb forms made up of a conjugated auxiliary verb (avoir or être) plus a past participle.

Par exemple…

    Compound verb form
J’ai perdu mes clés. I lost my keys. passé composé
J’étais déjà tombé. I had already fallen. pluperfect
Je l’aurai essayé. I will have tried it. future perfect

Passive voice

Être plus a past participle forms the passive voice.

Par exemple…

Paris est aimé de tous. Paris is loved by all.
Les stations-service sont souvent braquées. Gas stations are often held up.
Le mariage sera suivi d’une réception. The wedding will be followed by a reception.

Adjectives

When used as an adjective, the French past participle may be equivalent in English to a past or present participle, or to a regular adjective.

Par exemple…

Il y a une voiture arrêtée au carrefour. There’s a stopped car in the intersection.
Les enfants sont assis dans le salon. The kids are sitting in the living room.
Pourquoi est-elle fâchée ? Why is she angry?

 Related lessons

 Share / Tweet / Pin Me!

French past participle
Stay up to date with Lawless French!
Twitter Facebook Quora Instagram Pinterest YouTube RSS Newsletter
Quora

Any Questions?

 Get help on the forum.
  
 

More Lawless French

 Subscribe to my twice-weekly newsletter.
       

Support Lawless French

  This free website is created with love and a great deal of work.

If you love it, please consider making a one-time or monthly donation.

Your support is entirely optional but tremendously appreciated.