Simple and Compound Tenses and Moods: Avoir Verbs

Temps et modes simples et composés

This chart shows the relationship between the conjugations of simple and compound French tenses and moods: each simple conjugation of avoir serves as the helping verb of a compound conjugation of the avoir verb vendre. English translations are provided just to give you a rough idea; click the links for detailed lessons on how to use and translate each tense and mood.

Simple Tense / Mood Helping Verb Compound Tense / Mood
Infinitivevendre
to sell
 avoir Past infinitiveavoir vendu
to have sold
Present tenseje vends
I sell
 j’ai Passé composéj’ai vendu
I have sold
Futureje vendrai
I will sell
 j’aurai Future perfectj’aurai vendu
I will have sold
Conditionalje vendrais
I would sell
 j’aurais Conditional perfectj’aurais vendu
I would have sold
Imperfectje vendais
I was selling
 j’avais Pluperfectj’avais vendu
I had sold
Passé simpleje vendis
I sold
 j’eus Past anteriorj’eus vendu
I sold
Subjunctiveje vende
I sell
 j’aie Past subjunctivej’aie vendu
I sold
Imperfect
subjunctive
je vendisse
I sold
 j’eusse Pluperfect
subjunctive
j’eusse vendu
I had sold
Imperative(tu) vends
sell
 aie Past imperativeaie vendu
have sold
Present participlevendant
selling
 ayant Perfect participleayant vendu
having sold

Simple and compound French verb conjugations

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French simple and compound verb conjugations

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