Simple and Compound Tenses and Moods: Avoir Verbs

Temps et modes simples et composés

This chart shows the relationship between the conjugations of simple and compound French tenses and moods: each simple conjugation of avoir serves as the helping verb of a compound conjugation of the avoir verb vendre. English translations are provided just to give you a rough idea; click the links for detailed lessons on how to use and translate each tense and mood.

Simple Tense / Mood   Helping Verb   Compound Tense / Mood
Infinitive vendre
to sell
  avoir   Past infinitive avoir vendu
to have sold
Present tense je vends
I sell
  j’ai   Passé composé j’ai vendu
I have sold
Future je vendrai
I will sell
  j’aurai   Future perfect j’aurai vendu
I will have sold
Conditional je vendrais
I would sell
  j’aurais   Conditional perfect j’aurais vendu
I would have sold
Imperfect je vendais
I was selling
  j’avais   Pluperfect j’avais vendu
I had sold
Passé simple je vendis
I sold
  j’eus   Past anterior j’eus vendu
I sold
Subjunctive je vende
I sell
  j’aie   Past subjunctive j’aie vendu
I sold
Imperfect
subjunctive
je vendisse
I sold
  j’eusse   Pluperfect
subjunctive
j’eusse vendu
I had sold
Imperative (tu) vends
sell
  aie   Past imperative aie vendu
have sold
Present participle vendant
selling
  ayant   Perfect participle ayant vendu
having sold

Simple and compound French verb conjugations

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French simple and compound verb conjugations
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