Simple and Compound Tenses and Moods: Être Verbs

Temps et modes simples et composés

This chart shows the relationship between the conjugations of simple and compound French tenses and moods: each simple conjugation of être serves as the helping verb of a compound conjugation of the être verb aller. English translations are provided just to give you a rough idea; click the links for detailed lessons on how to use and translate each tense and mood.

Simple Tense / Mood Helping Verb Compound Tense / Mood
to go
to be
 Past infinitiveêtre allé
to have gone
Present tenseje vais
I go
 je suis
I am
 Passé composéje suis allé
I have gone
I will go
 je serai
I will be
 Future perfectje serai allé
I will have gone
I would go
 je serais
I would be
 Conditional perfectje serais allé
I would have gone
I was going
I was (being)
 Pluperfectj’étais allé
I had gone
Passé simplej’allai
I went
 je fus
I was
 Past anteriorje fus allé
I went
I go
 je sois
I am/be
 Past subjunctiveje sois allé
I went
I went
 je fusse
I was
je fusse allé
I had gone
Imperative(tu) va
 Past imperativesois allé
have gone
Present participleallant
 Perfect participleétant allé
having gone

Simple and compound French verb conjugations

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French simple and compound verb conjugations

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