Simple and Compound Tenses and Moods: Être Verbs

Temps et modes simples et composés

This chart shows the relationship between the conjugations of simple and compound French tenses and moods: each simple conjugation of être serves as the helping verb of a compound conjugation of the être verb aller. English translations are provided just to give you a rough idea; click the links for detailed lessons on how to use and translate each tense and mood.

Simple Tense / Mood   Helping Verb   Compound Tense / Mood
Infinitive aller
to go
to be
  Past infinitive être allé
to have gone
Present tense je vais
I go
  je suis
I am
  Passé composé je suis allé
I have gone
Future j’irai
I will go
  je serai
I will be
  Future perfect je serai allé
I will have gone
Conditional j’irais
I would go
  je serais
I would be
  Conditional perfect je serais allé
I would have gone
Imperfect j’allais
I was going
I was (being)
  Pluperfect j’étais allé
I had gone
Passé simple j’allai
I went
  je fus
I was
  Past anterior je fus allé
I went
Subjunctive j’aille
I go
  je sois
I am/be
  Past subjunctive je sois allé
I went
I went
  je fusse
I was
je fusse allé
I had gone
Imperative (tu) va
  Past imperative sois allé
have gone
Present participle allant
  Perfect participle étant allé
having gone

Simple and compound French verb conjugations

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French simple and compound verb conjugations

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