Simple and Compound Tenses and Moods: Être Verbs

Temps et modes simples et composés

This chart shows the relationship between the conjugations of simple and compound French tenses and moods: each simple conjugation of être serves as the helping verb of a compound conjugation of the être verb aller. English translations are provided just to give you a rough idea; click the links for detailed lessons on how to use and translate each tense and mood.

Simple Tense / Mood   Helping Verb   Compound Tense / Mood
Infinitive aller
to go
  être
to be
  Past infinitive être allé
to have gone
Present tense je vais
I go
  je suis
I am
  Passé composé je suis allé
I have gone
Future j’irai
I will go
  je serai
I will be
  Future perfect je serai allé
I will have gone
Conditional j’irais
I would go
  je serais
I would be
  Conditional perfect je serais allé
I would have gone
Imperfect j’allais
I was going
  j’étais
I was (being)
  Pluperfect j’étais allé
I had gone
Passé simple j’allai
I went
  je fus
I was
  Past anterior je fus allé
I went
Subjunctive j’aille
I go
  je sois
I am/be
  Past subjunctive je sois allé
I went
Imperfect
subjunctive
j’allasse
I went
  je fusse
I was
  Pluperfect
subjunctive
je fusse allé
I had gone
Imperative (tu) va
go
  sois
be
  Past imperative sois allé
have gone
Present participle allant
going
  étant
being
  Perfect participle étant allé
having gone

Simple and compound French verb conjugations

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French simple and compound verb conjugations
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