Aller

Aller - to go - French verbAller is one of the most common and useful French verbs and has irregular conjugations in most tenses and moods. Aller literally means "to go" and is required to create the near future.

   

Arriver

Arrive - to arrive, to happenThe French verb arriver usually means "to arrive" or "to happen." It's a regular -er verb that requires être as its auxiliary verb in compound tenses/moods.

   

Avoir

Avoir - to have - French verbAvoir is one of the two most important French verbs and has irregular conjugations in just about every tense and mood. Avoir literally means "to have" but also serves an an auxiliary verb and is found in many idiomatic expressions.

   

   

Croire

Croire - to believeCroire literally means "to believe" but has somewhat varying meanings depending on the preposition used. Learn the difference between croire à and croire en, plus other uses of croire.

   

Devoir

Devoir - French verbDevoir is a very common French verb with irregular conjugations and an unusual relationship to some of its English equivalents. Devoir has several meanings related to obligation, supposition, and expectation.

   

Devoir vs Falloir

Devoir vs falloir - French verbsDevoir and falloir are fairly synonymous, but these two French verbs are not interchangeable. Their meanings are slightly different, and they each have additional meanings, depending on how they're used.

   

Dire

Dire - French verbDire is one of the most common and useful French verbs and has irregular conjugations. It literally means "to say" or "to tell," and is also found in many idiomatic expressions.

   

Essentially Pronominal Verbs

French grammarTwo dozen French verbs always require a reflexive pronoun but aren't necessarily reflexive or reciprocal. These "essentially pronominal" verbs can only be used pronominally, as without the pronoun, the verb is meaningless.

   

Être

Être - to beÊtre is one of the two most important French verbs. It literally means "to be," but also serves as an auxiliary verb and is the key to the passive voice.

   

Faire

Faire - to do, to makeOne of the most common and useful French verbs, faire literally means "to do" or "to make" but it's also found in many idiomatic expressions and is the key to the causative construction.

   

Faire – Causative Construction

French causative constructionThe causative is a grammatical construction with a lazy subject who, rather than performing some action himself, is making someone or something else do it: to make something happen, to have something done.

   

Falloir

Falloir - to needThe irregular French verb falloir means "to need," "to be necessary," or "to be lacking." Since falloir is an impersonal verb, it has only one conjugation in each tense and mood: the third person singular; for example, the present tense il faut.

   

Habiter vs Vivre

Habiter vs vivreBelieve it or not, life in France is so great that one verb just isn't enough: "to live" may be equivalent to habiter or vivre, depending on what exactly you want to say.

   

Impersonal Verbs

Impersonal French verbsMost verbs are personal: they must be conjugated for different grammatical persons. But some verbs are used impersonally, meaning they have only one conjugation, the third person singular.