Capitalization of Titles

French title capitalizationUnlike most areas of French grammar, the capitalization of French titles of books, movies, etc. does not follow a clearly defined set of rules. Instead, French title capitalization is inconsistent, with competing systems used by writers, publishers, and other authoritative sources.

   

Chéri

Chéri, by Colette
Read the opening dialog of the 1920 romance novel Chéri, by Colette.

   

Correspondances

Les Fleurs du mal
Correspondances, from Les Fleurs du mal, is one of Charles Baudelaire's best-known poems. Read the original in French, and consider one possible translation.

   

Cyrano de Bergerac

Cyrano de Bergerac
Read the set description and opening scene of this classic French play, with side-by-side English translation.

   

Delphine

Delphine, by Mme de Staël
Read the first few paragraphs of Madame de Staël's epistolary novel Delphine.

   

   

ENT

ENT French pronunciationThe third person plural verb ending -ent is often not pronounced. The rules for when and how to pronounce it are fairly straightforward: it has to do with two completely different issues.

   

Formal Negation

French formal negationFrench has three negative constructions that are reserved for formal (usually written) French like literature and historical accounts.

   

Germinal

Germinal, de Zola
Read the opening paragraphs of Émile Zola's 1885 masterpiece, Germinal.

   

Horace

Horace, by George Sand
Read the opening paragraphs of George Sand's Horace, a novel about friendship and student life in Paris written in 1841.