Adjectives

French adjectivesOne of the eight parts of speech, adjectives are a type of modifier. They serve the same purpose in French and English, but they are very different in two respects.

   

Agreement with Direct Objects

French agreement with direct objects Most French verbs are conjugated with avoir as their auxiliary verb in compound tenses and moods, and therefore do not require agreement with their subjects. But avoir verbs do need agreement in a very specific construction: the past participle must agree with the direct object when it precedes the verb.

   

Agreement with Pronominal Verbs

French agreement with pronominal verbsAll pronominal verbs are être verbs in compound tenses and moods like the passé composé, which means that the past participles must agree with their subjects - at least in theory. In fact, it's not quite so straightforward.

   

Agreement with Subjects

French agreement with subjectsThe three French verb constructions which include some form of être plus a past participle usually require grammatical agreement of the past participle with the subject.

   

   

Articles

French grammarAn article is a word that modifies a noun in a particular way, by stating whether the noun is specific, unspecific, or partial. There are three types of French articles, and they all agree in gender and number with the nouns they modify.

   

   

Definite Article

French definite articleThe French definite article (le, la, l', les) indicates either a particular noun or, contrarily, the general sense of a noun. It's used similarly to its English counterpart, but there are many instances where a definite article is required in French but not English.

   

Impersonal Pronouns

French impersonal pronounsImpersonal pronouns do not have different forms for each grammatical person, though some have different forms that agree with the nouns they replace.

   

Indefinite Pronouns

French indefinite pronounsIndefinite pronouns are vague - they either refer to unspecific nouns (like un autre and quelque chose) or make sweeping generalizations (on, tout le monde).

   

Magnetic Poetry

French magnetic poetryMagnetic poetry is a fun little tool you can use to learn and practice French. 500 magnets with words and parts of words help you to express yourself in a unique and creative way.

   

Multiplicative Numbers

French multiplicative numbers
Multiplicative numbers are, unsurprisingly, words used to multiply nouns. The numbers themselves can be adjectives or nouns - either way, their gender agrees with the nouns they modify / replace.

   

Non-adjectives

French adjectivesAdjectives comprise one of the eight French parts of speech, but certain members of other grammatical categories can sometimes be used as adjectives. These "non-adjectives" are invariable: there's no gender/number agreement with the nouns they modify.