Coordinating conjunctions are small words that connect two or more grammatically equivalent words or phrases. The connected words might be adjectives, nouns, adverbs, verbs, or even independent clauses; the important thing is that they're equal and each one serves the same function in the sentence.
It's imperative to understand the imperative mood if you want to give orders, make requests, express desires, provide recommendations, offer advice, and prohibit actions.
With articles, the de vs du, de la, des choice has to do with affirmative/negative and whether there's an adjective in front of the noun.
The rule is that to make a French verb negative, you need ne in front of the verb and pas after it. The reality of how the French speak says otherwise.
Don't worry, it's not a swear word. In French, explétif is a grammatical term that serves only to draw attention to what precedes it.
In formal, usually written French, there are certain verbs and constructions that can be made negative with just ne - the inclusion of pas or some other negative word is not required.
French negative adjectives are used to negate or refuse nouns. Like other negative structures, negative adjectives - also called indefinite negative adjectives - have two parts.
Negative adverbs turn affirmative statements and questions into negative statements and questions. The most common English negative adverb is the word "not," but French is a little more complicated - quelle surprise ! ;-)
French negative pronouns replace and simultaneously negate nouns. They may be the subject or object of the verb they're used with.
In English, there's no risk of confusion between "never" and "ever," which have opposing though not quite opposite meanings. In French, however, both terms can be translated by jamais.
The subjunctive is required after any type of construction that indicates negativity or doubt, including negative pronouns and indefinite pronouns.
Variable negative pronouns are used in place of a negative adjective + noun, and must agree with the noun in gender.
Obviousness, knowledge, certainty, and hope are considered real - at least to the speaker - and therefore do not call for the subjunctive. Using these verbs and expressions in the negative or interrogative, however, indicates doubt: thus the subjunctive is required.