Accord avec sujets
French verb constructions which include any form of être plus a past participle usually require grammatical agreement of the past participle with the subject, and this agreement is made the same way that regular adjectives are made to agree with their nouns:
- add e for a feminine subject
- add s for a plural subject
- add es for a feminine plural subject
There are four verb constructions which require agreement with the subject.
1) Passive voice
Agreement is always required between the subject and past participle in the passive voice, in all tenses and moods.
|La machine est réparée par mon frère.||The machine is repaired by my brother.|
|Les voleurs étaient recherchés par la police.||The thieves were wanted by the police.|
|Cette idée serait appréciée de tout le monde.||This idea would be appreciated by everyone.|
2) Compound verb forms
|Nous y sommes allés ensemble.||We went together.|
|Elle était rentrée à midi.||She had come home at midnight.|
|Ils seraient tombés.||They would have fallen.|
* Except with verbs of perception.
3) Pronominal verbs
Even though they’re conjugated with avoir, verbs of perception also require agreement with their subjects.
- Introduction to verb agreement
- Auxiliary verbs
- Passive voice
- Past participles
- Pronominal verbs