Adverbial Pronouns / Pronominal Adverbs

Pronoms adverbiaux / Adverbes pronominaux

As you might guess from their name, adverbial pronouns are caught between two worlds: they are pronouns in the sense that they replace nouns, and at the same time they are adverbs representing a place, a quantity, or the object of a preposition. French has two adverbial pronouns: en and y.

Characteristics of adverbial pronouns

  1. Are required
  2. Usually replace prepositions plus their objects
  3. Can be used with one another as well as with direct and indirect object and reflexive pronouns

Word order

Adverbial pronouns precede the verb in all tenses and moods except the imperativelearn more.

Par exemple…

J’en ai deux.   I have two of them.
J’y suis allé hier.   I went (there) yesterday.
Je n’en sais rien.   I don’t know anything about that.
Il y en a beaucoup.   There are a lot of them.

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French adverbial pronouns


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