Position de pronoms compléments
|Share / Tweet / Pin Me!|
The placement of object, reflexive, and adverbial pronouns depends on which of the four main verb constructions they’re used with.
1) Simple tenses and moods
In nearly all simple tenses and moods, the pronouns go in front of the verb.
|Je l’écoute.||I’m listening to it.|
|Elle lui parlait.||She was talking to him.|
|Ne te lève pas tard.||Don’t get up late.|
|Nous y irons demain.||We’ll go there tomorrow.|
2) Affirmative imperative
The only exception to the above is the affirmative imperative, which requires that the pronouns be placed after the verb.
|Écoute-le.||Listen to it.|
|Parle-lui.||Talk to him.|
|Lève-toi tôt.||Get up early.|
|Allons-y demain.||Let’s go there tomorrow.|
3) Compound tenses and moods
|Je l’ai écouté.||I listened to it.|
|Elle lui aura parlé.||She will have talked to him.|
|Tu t’es levé tard.||You got up late.|
|Nous y étions allés.||We had gone there.|
|Après l’avoir vu ….||After having seen it ….|
Remember that agreement might be required.
4) Dual-verb constructions
|Je devrais l’écouter.||I should listen to it.|
|Elle allait lui parler.||She was going to talk to him.|
|Tu peux te lever tard.||You can get up late.|
|Nous voulons y aller.||We want to go there.|
|Il essaie de le voir.||He’s trying to see it.|
Verbs of perception
These technically fall into the "dual verb" category, but are a bit trickier: Word order with verbs of perception
- Adverbial pronouns
- Direct object pronouns
- Indirect object pronouns
- Reflexive pronouns
- Word order with auxiliary verbs (compound tenses)
- Word order with double pronouns
- Word order with semi-auxiliary verbs
- Word order with verbs of perception
- Verb tenses and moods
Share / Tweet / Pin Me!