Translating Compound Tenses and Moods

Traduire les temps et modes composés

Translating compound French verb conjugations
Share / Tweet / Pin Me!

French and English have a number of important differences in verb tenses and moods, which can make translating the various conjugations from one language to the other a bit tricky, as explained in the intro to this lesson: French verb conjugation translations.

Please be sure to keep all of that in mind as you look at the verb donner (to give) conjugated into every compound French verb form. For a more detailed look, click the heading above any table for the in-depth French lesson.

 You’ll notice a lot of the same English translations in the past tenses – this is because French has numerous verb forms, particularly in writing, that express distinctions that don’t really exist in English.

Passé composé

  Simple pastPresent perfectPast emphatic
j’ai donné I gaveI have givenI did give
tu as donné you gaveyou have givenyou did give
il a donné he gavehe has givenhe did give
elle a donné she gaveshe has givenshe did give
nous avons donné we gavewe have givenwe did give
vous avez donné you gaveyou have givenyou did give
ils ont donné they gavethey have giventhey did give

Past subjunctive

  Simple pastPresent perfect
que j’aie donné that I gavethat I have given
que tu aies donné that you gavethat you have given
qu’il ait donné that he gavethat he has given
qu’elle ait donné that she gavethat she has given
que nous ayons donné that we gavethat we have given
que vous ayez donné that you gavethat you have given
qu’ils aient donné that they gavethat they have given

Future perfect

  Future
j’aurai donné I will have given
tu auras donné you will have given
il aura donné he will have given
elle aura donné she will have given
nous aurons donné we will have given
vous aurez donné you will have given
ils auront donné they will have given

Conditional perfect

  Conditional perfect
j’aurais donné I would have given
tu aurais donné you would have given
il aurait donné he would have given
elle aurait donné she would have given
nous aurions donné we would have given
vous auriez donné you would have given
ils auraient donné they would have given

Second form of the conditional perfect

  Conditional perfect
que j’eusse donné that I would have given
que tu eusses donné that you would have given
qu’il eût donné that he would have given
qu’elle eût donné that she would have given
que nous eussions donné that we would have given
que vous eussiez donné that you would have given
qu’ils eussent donné that they would have given

Pluperfect

  Past perfect
j’avais donné I had given
tu avais donné you had given
il avait donné he had given
elle avait donné she had given
nous avions donné we had given
vous aviez donné you had given
ils avaient donné they had given

Past anterior

  Past perfect
j’eus donné I had given
tu eus donné you had given
il eut donné he had given
elle eut donné she had given
nous eûmes donné we had given
vous eûtes donné you had given
ils eurent donné they had given

Pluperfect subjunctive

  Past perfect
que j’eusse donné that I had given
que tu eusses donné that you had given
qu’il eût donné that he had given
qu’elle eût donné that she had given
que nous eussions donné that we had given
que vous eussiez donné that you had given
qu’ils eussent donné that they had given

More about translating French verb conjugations

 Related lessons

 Share / Tweet / Pin Me!

Translating compound French tenses and moods

  Lawless French Files:  

Stay up to date with Lawless French

Questions about French?

 Ask me in the comments section below or visit the Progress with Lawless French Q+A forum to get help from native French speakers and fellow learners.
 

More Lawless French

 Subscribe to my twice-weekly newsletter.
      

Support Lawless French

  This free website is created with love and a great deal of work.

If you love it, please consider making a one-time or monthly donation.

Your support is entirely optional but tremendously appreciated.