Par

French preposition

The preposition par generally means "by," "through," or "per."

1) Location / Direction

  par ici ou par là ?   this way or that way? (lit: by here or by there?)
  sortir par la fenêtre   to leave through the window

2) Amount per unit of measurement

  gagner 15 euros par heure   to earn 15 euros an / per hour
  coûter 3 euros par kilo   to cost 3 euros a / per kilo

3) Manner or means

      découvrir par hasard   to discover by accident
  réussir par le travail   to succeed through (hard) work

4) Reason

  par habitude   through / out of habit
  faire par pitié   to do out of pity

5) Passive voice

  la fenêtre a été cassée par l’orage   the window was broken by the storm
  un film réalisé par Luc Besson   a movie directed by Luc Besson

6) After verbs

  Some verbs must be followed by par in front of a noun or infinitive.

 Par is usually followed directly by a noun, with no article in between. Learn more: Prepositions with nouns.

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French preposition par
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