Depuis vs Il y a

Depuis vs Il y aWhen talking about something that happened in the past, the correct verb tense isn't always enough - sometimes you need a temporal expression to state just when it happened. The most common French temporal expressions are depuis and il y a, and they are not interchangeable.

   

   

Direct vs Indirect Objects

French direct vs indirect object pronounsDirect objects and indirect objects can be tricky to understand and use, but it's essential to know the difference in order to speak and write French correctly. Here are some tips to help you figure out which type of object you're dealing with.

   

En

French preposition enThe preposition en can be summarized as "to or in," but it's a bit more complicated than that.

   

   

Geographical Prepositions

French geographical prepositionsTalking about going to a country or coming from a city in French requires more than just translating the preposition; you also have to consider the gender, number, and even the type of place you're talking about. Here's everything you need to know.

   

   

Indirect Objects

French indirect objectsAn indirect object is a person that someone or something does something to indirectly. In both French and English, indirect objects are often replaced with indirect object pronouns.

   

Jouer

Jouer - to playJouer is a regular -er French verb that can be a bit confusing when it comes time to decide which preposition should follow. Here's everything you need to know.

   

Manquer – to miss

Manquer - to missThe regular -er French verb manquer means "to miss," which seems straightforward enough, and yet it causes no end of confusion due to a strange turnaround it requires in a certain construction. Don't miss this lesson!

   

Merci de vs Merci pour

Merci pour or merci deWhen naming something that you're thankful for, there's a bit of grammar involved. Depending on what the thing actually is, you must choose between two prepositions.

   

Par

Par - French prepositionThe French preposition par generally means "by," "through," or "per."

   

Passive Infinitive

French passive infinitiveAs its name so usefully suggests, the passive infinitive construction is used when the infinitive has a passive role, rather than an active one, as in livres à vendre - "books for sale."

   

   

Possessive de

French possessive deIn English, we use 's (apostrophe s) to indicate that one noun possesses another. The French equivalent is the preposition de, with the order of the nouns reversed.