Informal Pronouns

French informal pronounsPronoun usage and pronunciation varies greatly between formal and informal French. Much of what you learn at school is formal and doesn't reflect how French is actually spoken. If you want to sound more French in informal situations—not to mention understand what you hear—you need to be aware of these pronoun differences.

   

Inversion with je

French inversionInversion with the first person singular je is a little trickier than with other subject pronouns. It's also very formal and therefore rare, so one of those grammar concepts you need to recognize but not necessarily use.

   

   

Les Misérables

Les Misérables
Read the first chapter of Victor Hugo's classic French novel Les Misérables, in French and English.

   

LingQ

LingQ
Learn and practice French vocabulary and listening at any level with LingQ, an online learning system and language community.

   

Madame Bovary

Read the first few paragraphs of Gustave Flaubert's classic novel Madame Bovary, in French and English.

   

Ne littéraire

Ne littéraire - Formal French NegationIn formal, usually written French, there are certain verbs and constructions that can be made negative with just ne - the inclusion of pas or some other negative word is not required.

   

Optional Liaisons

French optional liaisonsSome liaisons in front of a vowel or h muet are optional, which means it up to you to decide whether to pronounce them. However, that decision matters: more liaisons means more formal speech, so obviously fewer liaisons means more informal, possibly even familiar speech.

   

Orthographe et expression écrite

Orthographe et expression écriteWriting in FrenchQue vous soyez français ou bien étudiant avec un niveau de français supérieur, vous pouvez améliorer votre orthographe et expression écrite en explorant l'univers de la Francophonie pendant 10 minutes chaque jour.

   

Pluperfect Subjunctive

French pluperfect subjunctiveThe rarest French verb form is the pluperfect subjunctive. It's a literary tense, meaning that it's reserved for formal, written French - mainly literature, but also history and journalism.

   

   

   

Proficiency Test

Take this online French proficiency test to find out your strengths and weaknesses and get personalized recommendations with links to lessons.

   

   

PwLF Super Study Lists

Progress with Lawless FrenchTake your Progress with Lawless French account to the next level with these super study lists that bring together all the lessons on a particular grammar topic.