Conjunctive Phrases

Locutions conjonctives

Two or more words often join to create a conjunctive phrase, which just means a series of words that acts like a conjunction. Most conjunctive phrases end in que and all are subordinating conjunctions.

Par exemple…

On mangera maintenant afin que tu partes de bonne heure.   We’ll eat now so that you can leave early.
Bien que je sois fatigué, je vais finir ce travail.   Even though I’m tired, I’m going to finish this work.

French conjunctive phrases

        Notes
à condition que   provided that   Requires the subjunctive
afin que   so that   Requires the subjunctive
ainsi que   just as, so as    
alors que   while, whereas    
à mesure que   as (progressively)    
à moins que   unless   Requires the subjunctive and calls for ne explétif
après que   after, when   May require the future
à supposer que   assuming that   Requires the subjunctive
au cas où   in case    
aussitôt que   as soon as   May require the future
avant que   before   Requires the subjunctive and calls for ne explétif
bien que   although   Requires the subjunctive
c’est-à-dire que   meaning, that is to say    
comme si   as if    
dans la mesure où   inasmuch/insofar as    
dans l’hypothèse où   in the event that    
de crainte que   for fear that   Requires the subjunctive and calls for ne explétif
de façon que   in such a way that   Requires the subjunctive
de manière que   so that   Requires the subjunctive
de même que   just as    
de peur que   for fear that   Requires the subjunctive and calls for ne explétif
depuis que   since    
de sorte que   so that, in such a way that   Requires the subjunctive
dès que   as soon as   May require the future
en admettant que   assuming that   Requires the subjunctive
en attendant que   while, until   Requires the subjunctive
encore que   even though   Requires the subjunctive
jusqu’à ce que   until   Requires the subjunctive
même si   even if/though    
parce que   because    
pendant que   while    
pour que   so that   Requires the subjunctive
pourvu que   provided that   Requires the subjunctive
quand bien même   even though/if    
quoi que   whatever, no matter what   Requires the subjunctive
sans que   without   Requires the subjunctive and calls for ne explétif
sitôt que   as soon as    
supposé que   supposing   Requires the subjunctive
tandis que   while, whereas    
tant que   as long as    
une fois que   once   May require the future
vu que   seeing as/that    

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French conjunctive phrases
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3 Responses

  1. Johnny 10 August 2018 / 15:45

    I can learn anything in french except these. I can’t never remember which one to use when I need it. Any tips to learn them?

    • lkl 11 August 2018 / 3:34

      I’d say come up with 2 or 3 sentences for each one, and work on memorizing those.

    • Randy 23 October 2018 / 19:22

      I have the same problem. I think it’s due to the fact that the meanings in English are so similar: I’d be hard pressed to tell you the difference between “although,” “even though,” “whereas,” etc. So, maybe the best approach is the group them by similar meaning, and master one group at a time.