Perfect Participle Conjugations

Conjugaisons du passé composé du participe présent

French perfect participle
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The perfect participle is a compound verb form, which means its conjugation has two components:

  verb conjugation
1. auxiliary (avoir or ĂȘtre) present participle
2. main verb past participle

Par exemple…

Avoir verb: donner (to give)

avoir donné

Être verb: sortir (to go out)

ĂȘtre sorti(e)(s)

Pronominal verb: s’habiller (to get dressed)

s’ĂȘtre habillĂ©(e)(s)

 Since the auxiliary verb is in the present participle, the perfect participle conjugation for avoir verbs is the same for all subject pronouns.

Par exemple…

Ayant peignĂ© ses cheveux, je suis parti.   Having combed her hair, I left.
After coming her hair, I left.
Ayant peignĂ© ses cheveux, nous sommes partis.   Having combed her hair, we left.
After combing her hair, we left.

In the case of ĂȘtre verbs, agreement of the past participle is required.

Par exemple…

Étant tombĂ©e, elle a commencĂ© Ă  pleurer.   Having fallen, she started to cry.
After falling, she started to cry.
Étant tombĂ©s, nous avons commencĂ© Ă  pleurer.   Having fallen, we started to cry.
After falling, we started to cry.

Agreement is also required for pronominal verbs, plus the reflexive pronoun must agree with the implied subject.

S’Ă©tant levĂ©e Ă  midi, elle Ă©tait en retard.   Having gotten up at noon, she was late.
Nous Ă©tant levĂ©s Ă  midi, nous Ă©tions en retard.   Having gotten up at noon, we were late.

  Past participle agreement

As in all compound conjugations, the past participle in the perfect participle construction may need to agree in gender and number with the word it modifies – learn more.

 Related lessons

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French perfect participle

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