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Noms féminins et pluriels
Like English nouns, most French nouns have singular and plural forms. In addition, French nouns referring to people and animals often have different masculine and feminine forms, which means that these nouns can have up to four forms:
|masculine singular||masculine plural|
|feminine singular||feminine plural|
Feminine and/or plural endings are added to the default masculine singular form. For regular nouns, these endings are -e for feminine and -s for plural.
un étudiant (student)
|un étudiant||des étudiants|
|une étudiante||des étudiantes|
When the default form of the noun ends in -s, -x, or -z, the singular and plural forms are the same.
|une brebis||des brebis||ewe(s)|
|un choix||des choix||choice(s)|
|un nez||des nez||nose(s)|
When the default form of the noun ends in -e, the masculine and feminine forms are the same.
un artiste (artist)
|un artiste||des artistes|
|une artiste||des artistes|
A few nouns have completely different masculine and feminine equivalents.
- Introduction to nouns
- Feminine and plural nouns
- Irregular feminine forms
- Irregular plurals
- Introduction to adjectives
- Nouns that are always singular
- Nouns that are always plural
- Compound nouns
- Parts of speech
- Adjectives used as nouns