Regular Feminine and Plural Nouns

French nouns
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Noms f├ęminins et pluriels

Like English nouns, most French nouns have singular and plural forms. In addition, French nouns referring to people and animals often have different masculine and feminine forms, which means that these nouns can have up to four forms:

masculine singular masculine plural
feminine singular feminine plural

Feminine and/or plural endings are added to the default masculine singular form. For regular nouns, these endings are -e for feminine and -s for plural.

Par exemple…

un ├ętudiant (student)

un ├ętudiant des ├ętudiants
une ├ętudiante des ├ętudiantes

When the default form of the noun ends in -s, -x, or -z, the singular and plural forms are the same.

Par exemple…

une brebis  des brebis ewe(s)
un choix  des choix choice(s)
un nez  des nez nose(s)

When the default form of the noun ends in -e, the masculine and feminine forms are the same.

Par exemple…

un artiste (artist)

un artiste  des artistes
une artiste des artistes

A few nouns have completely different masculine and feminine equivalents.

Par exemple…

un homme
  une femme
un gar├žon
 une fille
un taureau
 une vache

And there are some irregular feminine and plural patterns.

 French nouns and adjectives

Related lessons

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French nouns - Noms

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