Indefinite Relative Pronouns

Pronoms relatifs indéfinis

French indefinite relative pronouns
Share / Tweet / Pin Me!

Indefinite relative pronouns are connectors: they link relative clauses to main clauses and, unlike normal relative pronouns, do not not have a specific antecedent.

Characteristics of indefinite relative pronouns

  1. Connect relative and main clauses
  2. Can be subjects, direct objects, or objects of a preposition
  3. Are impersonal and therefore invariable
  4. Are required

 If any of the above grammatical concepts are unclear to you, please study those lessons before reading this one.

There are five French indefinite relative pronouns: ce dont, ce que, ce qui, quoi, and quiconque. The first four are the main ones and have the same English equivalents. So which pronoun to use depends solely on the grammatical structure of the sentence.

Here’s a summary of French indefinite relative pronouns with their functions and possible translations – click the links for detailed lessons.

Pronoun   Function   English equivalents
ce dont   object of preposition de   what, that
ce que   direct object   what, that
ce qui   subject   what, that
(ce) __ quoi   object of any other preposition   what, that
quiconque   subject or object   anyone who, whoever

 Related lessons

Stay up to date with Lawless French!
Twitter Facebook Quora Instagram Pinterest YouTube RSS Newsletter
Quora

Any Questions?

 Get help on the forum.
  
 

More Lawless French

 Subscribe to my twice-weekly newsletter.
       

Support Lawless French

  This free website is created with love and a great deal of work.

If you love it, please consider making a one-time or monthly donation.

Your support is entirely optional but tremendously appreciated.