Pronoms relatifs indéfinis
|Share / Tweet / Pin Me!|
Characteristics of indefinite relative pronouns
- Connect relative and main clauses
- Can be subjects, direct objects, or objects of a preposition
- Are impersonal and therefore invariable
- Are required
There are five French indefinite relative pronouns: ce dont, ce que, ce qui, quoi, and quiconque. The first four are the most important and, confusingly, all have the same English equivalents. So which pronoun to use depends solely on the grammatical structure of the sentence.
Here’s a summary of French indefinite relative pronouns with their functions and possible translations – click the links for detailed lessons.
|ce dont||object of preposition de||what, that|
|ce que||direct object||what, that|
|ce qui||subject||what, that|
|(ce) __ quoi||object of any other preposition||what, that|
|quiconque||subject or object||anyone who, whoever|
Think you’ve got it? Test yourself on French relative pronouns with these fill-in-the-blanks exercises: