Pronoms relatifs indéfinis
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Characteristics of indefinite relative pronouns
- Connect relative and main clauses
- Can be subjects, direct objects, or objects of a preposition
- Are impersonal and therefore invariable
- Are required
There are five French indefinite relative pronouns: ce dont, ce que, ce qui, quoi, and quiconque. The first four are the main ones and have the same English equivalents. So which pronoun to use depends solely on the grammatical structure of the sentence.
Here’s a summary of French indefinite relative pronouns with their functions and possible translations – click the links for detailed lessons.
|ce dont||object of preposition de||what, that|
|ce que||direct object||what, that|
|ce qui||subject||what, that|
|(ce) __ quoi||object of any other preposition||what, that|
|quiconque||subject or object||anyone who, whoever|