The letter combination ch has three possible pronunciations in French.
The circumflex, aka "little hat," is the only French accent that may be found on each of the five vowels. In any given word, the circumflex may serve one or more purposes.
Consonants are sounds created by blocking or hindering the passage of air through the mouth in some way.
More than half of French consonants are very similar to their English countparts, but a few are completely different. Here's a quick overview to help you get started learning French.
Contractions occur when two words are combined into one, sometimes with a distinctly different spelling. In English, contractions like "won't" are optional and indicate informality. In French, however, contractions are required, regardless of the register you're speaking or writing in.
Contractions with de / à plus a definite article are not always required when the article is part of a proper noun, such as a city, title, organization, or surname.
The letter D is pronounced similarly to D in English, except that it is dental rather than alveolar.
The dieresis, le tréma, is a French accent found only on three vowels: ë, ï, and ü. The dieresis usually indicates that the accented vowel must be pronounced distinctly from the vowel that precedes it.
The letter e has several different pronunciations in French. The explanation and equivalents provided here are based on the closest sounds that exist in American English, which are sometimes not very close at all.
In many words the letter e is potentially silent, a characteristic which has three French names: e caduc, e instable, and e muet. Though e muet is the most common term, e instable is the most accurate.
The letter combination eau is pronounced like a closed o, as in rose.
The letter combination ei is pronounced like é or è.
The letter combinations eil (at the end of a word) and eill (almost anywhere) have no English equivalent.
An elision is a type of contraction that occurs when two words are combined: one or more letters are dropped and replaced with an apostrophe. In French, written elisions are required, regardless of the register you're speaking or writing in.
The letter combination en has four possible pronunciations, depending on the letters that precede or follow it.