Past Infinitive Conjugations

Conjugaisons de l’infinitif passĂ©

French past infinitive
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The past infinitive is a compound verb form, which means its conjugation has two components:

 verbconjugation
1.auxiliary (avoir or ĂȘtre)infinitive
2.main verbpast participle

Par exemple…

Avoir verb: donner (to give)

avoir donné

Être verb: sortir (to go out)

ĂȘtre sorti(e)(s)

Pronominal verb: s’habiller (to get dressed)

s’ĂȘtre habillĂ©(e)(s)

 Since the auxiliary verb stays in the infinitive, the conjugation for avoir verbs is the same for all subject pronouns.

Par exemple…

AprĂšs avoir donnĂ© du sang, je suis parti. After having given blood, I left.
After giving blood, I left.
AprĂšs avoir donnĂ© du sang, nous sommes partis. After having given blood, we left.
After giving blood, we left.

However, in the case of ĂȘtre and pronominal verbs, agreement of the past participle is required, and the reflexive pronoun must agree with the implied subject.

Par exemple…

AprĂšs ĂȘtre partie, elle a attrapĂ© le bus. After having left, she caught the bus.
After leaving, she caught the bus.
Il faut nous ĂȘtre levĂ©s avant midi. We have to have gotten up by noon.
We have to be up by noon.

  Past participle agreement

As in all compound conjugations, the past participle in the past infinitive may need to agree in gender and number with the word it modifies – learn more.

 Related lessons

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French past infinitive

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