Subjunctive with Conjunctions

Subjonctif avec conjonctions

French subjunctive
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Many French conjunctions and conjunctive phrases require the subjunctive, notably those which link cause and effect:

à condition que   provided that
à moins que*   unless
à supposer que   assuming that
afin que   so that
avant que*   before
bien que   although
de crainte que*   for fear that
de façon que   so that, in order that, in such a way that
de manière que   so that
de peur que*   for fear that
de sorte que   so that
en admettant que   assuming that
en attendant que   while, until
encore que   even though
jusqu’à ce que   until
où que   wherever
pour que   so that
pourvu que   provided that
qui que   whoever
quoique   even though
quoi que   whatever, no matter what
sans que*   without

* These conjunctions call for the ne explétif.

 No subjunctive

Conjunctions that express a simple reality do not call for the subjunctive:

ainsi que   just as, so as
alors que   while, whereas
après que**   after, when
aussitôt que**   as soon as
car   since, because
depuis que   since
dès que**   as soon as, immediately
en même temps que   at the same time that
lorsque**   when
parce que   because
pendant que   while
plutôt que   instead of, rather than
puisque   since, as
quand**   when
tandis que   while, whereas
une fois que**   once

 ** These conjunctions are followed by the future tense or the future perfect in French, even though in English we use the present tense.

 More French Subjunctive

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French subjunctive

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