Subjunctive with Conjunctions

Subjonctif avec conjonctions

French subjunctive
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Many French conjunctions and conjunctive phrases require the subjunctive, notably those which link cause and effect:

à condition que provided that
à moins que* unless
à supposer que assuming that
afin que so that
avant que* before
bien que although
de crainte que* for fear that
de façon que so that, in order that, in such a way that
de manière que so that
de peur que* for fear that
de sorte que so that
en admettant que assuming that
en attendant que while, until
encore que even though
jusqu’à ce que until
où que wherever
pour que so that
pourvu que provided that
qui que whoever
quoique even though
quoi que whatever, no matter what
sans que* without

* These conjunctions call for the ne explétif.

 No subjunctive

Conjunctions that express a simple reality do not call for the subjunctive:

ainsi que just as, so as
alors que while, whereas
après que** after, when
aussitôt que** as soon as
car since, because
depuis que since
dès que** as soon as, immediately
en même temps que at the same time that
lorsque** when
parce que because
pendant que while
plutôt que instead of, rather than
puisque since, as
quand** when
tandis que while, whereas
une fois que** once

 ** These conjunctions are followed by the future tense or the future perfect in French, even though in English we use the present tense.

 More French Subjunctive

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French subjunctive

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