Subjunctive Conjugations

French subjunctive
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Conjugaisons du subjonctif

To make up for the difficulty in knowing when to use the French subjunctive, the conjugations are relatively easy. All regular -er, -ir, and -re verbs as well as many irregular verbs* are conjugated according to this pattern:

  1. Start with the present tense ils conjugation of the verb
  2. Drop –ent to find the subjunctive stem
  3. Add the appropriate subjunctive ending: -e, -es, -e, -ions, -iez, -ent
 ils aimentfinissentvendentpartentcouvrentmettent
 stem aim-finiss-vend-part-couvr-mett-
Subjunctive endings    
… que je / j’-eaimefinissevendepartecouvremette
… que tu-esaimesfinissesvendespartescouvresmettes
… qu’il/elle/on -eaimefinissevendepartecouvremette
… que nous-ionsaimionsfinissionsvendionspartionscouvrionsmettions
… que vous-iezaimiezfinissiezvendiezpartiezcouvriezmettiez
… qu’ils/elles-entaimentfinissentvendentpartent couvrentmettent

  Conseils concis

* Irregular -ir verbs conjugated like partir and couvrir and irregular –re verbs conjugated like mettre are all regular in the subjunctive.

The singular and third person plural subjunctive conjugations for -er verbs are the same as their indicative conjugations, so these are good verbs to use when you’re not sure whether you need the subjunctive.

 Subjunctive Quizzes

Think you’ve got it? Test yourself on the French subjunctive with these fill-in-the-blanks exercises:

Note: You must be logged into your Progress with Lawless French account to take these tests. If you don’t have one, sign up – it’s free!

  More French subjunctive

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French subjunctive conjugations

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