Adjectifs possessifs pour possessions singulières
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French possessive adjectives are used in front of nouns to indicate to whom or to what those nouns belong. They’re more complicated than English possessive adjectives because French has different forms depending on how many possessions you’re talking about: whether there’s one or more than one.
When dealing with a singular possession and a singular possessor, there are two forms for each grammatical person, depending on the gender of the possession:
|your (tu form)||ton||ta|
|his, her, its||son||sa|
|Où est mon frère ?||Where is my brother?|
|Nous écoutons ma musique.||We’re listening to my music.|
|Voici ton livre.||Here’s your book.|
|Il a perdu son emploi.||He lost his job.|
Note that it’s the gender of the possession – not the possessor (owner) – that determines whether you need the masculine or feminine form. See Singular possessors for more detail.
With a singular possession and a plural possessor, gender is irrelevant: there’s only one possessive adjective for each grammatical person.
|your (vous form)||votre|
|C’est notre livre.||It’s our book.|
|Je vois votre voiture.||I see your car.|
|Il veut leur assistance.||He wants their help.|
The tricky part
When talking about a plural owner, you have to be careful when deciding whether the possession is singular or plural – learn more.
More French possessive adjectives
Possessive Adjective Quizzes
Quizzes on possessive adjectives vs possessive pronouns
- Introduction to nouns and gender
- Introduction to adjectives
- Ton/ta vs votre
- More French possession
- PwLF super list of possession lessons
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