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Adjectifs possessifs pour possessions plurielles
When dealing with plural possessions, there’s only one French possessive adjective for each grammatical person:
|your (tu form)||tes|
|his, her, its||ses|
|your (vous form)||vos|
|Où sont mes frères ?||Where are my brothers?|
|Nous écoutons tes chansons.||We’re listening to your songs.|
|Il a perdu ses clés.||He lost his keys.|
|Ce sont nos livres.||These are our books.|
|Je vois vos voitures.||I see your cars.|
|Il veut leurs idées.||He wants their ideas.|
The tricky part
You have to be careful when deciding whether a plural owner’s possession is singular or plural.
For example, my husband and I live in the same house. Though there are two of us, we have one house that we share, so we say notre maison. Likewise, since we share a car, we say notre voiture.
|Nous avons acheté notre maison en 2015.||We bought our (shared) house in 2015.|
|David et Anna, votre voiture elle belle !||David and Anna, your car is beautiful!|
There are two types of scenarios in which the possession is considered plural:
- We each have our own house and our own car (we’re divorced).
- Collectively, we have multiple houses and multiple cars (we’re rich).
|Nous avons vendu nos maisons en 2017.||We sold our houses in 2017.|
|Où sont vos voitures ?||Where are your cars?|
With the third person plural, using the plural adjective automatically means that each person has more than one of the item.
|Ils aiment bien leurs profs.||They really like their teachers. (they have several)|
|Elles ont fait leurs lits.||They made their beds. (they each have two)|
When the item is not shared, it’s more idiomatic to use the singular possessive, even though this is ambiguous.
|Ils aiment bien leur prof.||They really like their teacher. (they share a teacher) or
They really like their teachers. (they have different teachers)
|Elles ont fait leur lit.||They made their bed. (the two girls share a bed) or
They made their beds. (each girl made her own bed)
More French possessive adjectives
Quizzes on possessive adjectives vs possessive pronouns
- Introduction to nouns and gender
- Introduction to adjectives
- Tes vs vos
- More French possession
- PwLF super list of possession lessons