Essentially Pronominal Verbs

Verbes essentiellement pronominaux

Je me souviens
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Two dozen French verbs always require a reflexive pronoun but aren’t necessarily reflexive or reciprocal. These "essentially pronominal" verbs can only be used pronominally, because without the pronoun, the verb is meaningless (though there are some literary exceptions).

Par exemple…

Je me souviens. I remember.
Il s’est suicidĂ©. He killed himself.

Most common French essentially pronominal verbs

Here are the most common verbes essentiellement pronominaux.

s’abstenir to abstain, refrain
s’acharner to harass, attack, persevere
s’arroger to claim falsely
se dĂ©dire to recant, go back on one’s word
se dĂ©partir de to abandon, lose
se dĂ©sister to withdraw, stand down
s’Ă©battre to frolic, romp about
s’Ă©crier to exclaim
s’efforcer to endeavor, do one’s best
s’emparer to seize, take hold of
s’enfuir to flee, escape
s’enquĂ©rir to inquire
s’entremettre to mediate
s’envoler to fly away, blow off
s’Ă©prendre to become enamored
s’Ă©vader to escape, evade
s’Ă©vanouir to faint
s’Ă©vertuer Ă  to strive to
s’exclamer to exclaim
se mĂ©fier de to mistrust, distrust, beware of/about
se mĂ©prendre to misjudge, make a mistake
se moquer de to make fun of
se pâmer to swoon
se repentir to repent
se souvenir de to remember
se suicider to kill oneself

 See the main lesson on pronominal verbs for details on using essentially pronominal verbs in different tenses and moods.

 Related lessons

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French pronominal verbs

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