Essentially Pronominal Verbs

Verbes essentiellement pronominaux

Je me souviens
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Two dozen French verbs always require a reflexive pronoun but aren’t necessarily reflexive or reciprocal. It’s essential for these verbs to be used pronominally, because without the pronoun, the verb is meaningless (though there are some literary exceptions).

Par exemple…

Je me souviens.   I remember.
Il s’est Ă©vanoui.   He fainted.

Most common French essentially pronominal verbs

Here are the most common verbes essentiellement pronominaux.

s’abstenir   to abstain, refrain
s’acharner   to harass, attack, persevere
s’arroger   to claim falsely
se dĂ©dire   to recant, go back on one’s word
se dĂ©partir de   to abandon, lose
se dĂ©sister   to withdraw, stand down
s’Ă©battre   to frolic, romp about
s’Ă©crier   to exclaim
s’efforcer   to endeavor, do one’s best
s’emparer   to seize, take hold of
s’enfuir   to flee, escape
s’enquĂ©rir   to inquire
s’entremettre   to mediate
s’envoler   to fly away, blow off
s’Ă©prendre   to become enamored
s’Ă©vader   to escape, evade
s’Ă©vanouir   to faint
s’Ă©vertuer Ă    to strive to
s’exclamer   to exclaim
se fier   to trust
se mĂ©fier de   to mistrust, distrust, beware of/about
se mĂ©prendre   to misjudge, make a mistake
se moquer de   to make fun of
se pâmer   to swoon
se repentir   to repent
se souvenir de   to remember
se suicider   to kill oneself

 See the main lesson on pronominal verbs for details on using essentially pronominal verbs in different tenses and moods.

 Related lessons

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French pronominal verbs

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