Infectious Diseases

Maladies contagieuses
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Maladies contagieuses

Essential French vocabulary related to statistics, symptoms, prevention, and treatment of infectious diseases.

 Note: I am not a health professional and this is not intended as advice or any sort of official information.

This vocabulary is provided as-is to help French learners who may be impacted by or interested in infectious diseases in general and novel coronavirus / COVID-19 in particular.

crisis   une crise
disease   une maladie
epicenter   Ă©picentre  (masc)
epidemic   une Ă©pidĂ©mie
health crisis   une crise sanitaire
infection   une infection
outbreak   un accès
pandemic   une pandĂ©mie
public health   la santĂ© publique
diagnostic test   un test diagnostic
screening test   un test de dĂ©pistage
swab   un prĂ©lèvement
test results   le rĂ©sultat des tests
positive   positif
negative   nĂ©gatif
inconclusive   non concluant
pas conculant
peu conclant
asymptomatic   asymptomatique
carrier   un porteur
une porteuse
confirmed case   un cas confirmĂ©
incubation period   la pĂ©riode d’incubation
isolated case   un cas isolĂ©
patient zero   le patient zĂ©ro
la patiente zéro
presumed case   un cas prĂ©sumĂ©
probable case   un cas probable
serious case   un cas grave
suspected case   un cas suspect
spreading   la contagion
la diffusion
la propagation
compromised immune system   un système immunitaire compromis
elderly people   les personnes âgĂ©es
immunocompromised   immunodĂ©primĂ©
pre-existing condition   une maladie prĂ©existante
une pathologie antérieure
underlying condition   une condition sous-jacente
vulnerable people   les personnes fragiles
symptom   un symptĂ´me
un indice
bacteria   la bactĂ©rie
body aches   des courbatures  (fem)
breathing difficulties   difficultĂ©s respiratoires
cough   une toux
fever   une fièvre
flu   la grippe
headache   un mal de tĂŞte
infected   infectĂ©
respiratory illness   une maladie respiratoire
shortness of breath   essoufflement
sick   malade
virus   le virus
blockade   le barrage
curfew   un couvre-feu
forbidden   interdit
gathering   un rassemblement
gloves   les gants  (masc)
hand sanitizer   le dĂ©sinfectant pour les mains
le gel assainissant pour les mains
le gel hydro-alcoolique
health certification   le pass sanitaire
herd immunity   immunitĂ© collective
indefinitely   pour une durĂ©e indĂ©terminĂ©e
isolation   isolement  (masc)
lockdown   le confinement total
mask   un masque
panic buying   les achats de prĂ©caution
physical contact   le contact physique
pneumonia   la pneumonie
quarantine   la quarantaine
quarantine line   le cordon sanitaire
risk area   une zone Ă  risque
self-isolation   auto-isolement
social distancing   la distanciation sociale
surgical mask   un masque chirurgical
vaccine   un vaccin
critical care   les soins critiques
a death   un dĂ©cès
death rate   le taux de mortalitĂ©
intensive care   les soins intensifs
la réanimation
recovery   la guĂ©rison
treatment   le traitement
ventilator   un respirateur
Verbs   Verbes  (click for conjugations)
to affect   toucher
to authorize   autoriser
to avoid   Ă©viter
to be on a ventilator   ĂŞtre en ventilation assistĂ©e
être ventilé
to be sick   ĂŞtre malade
to breathe   respirer
to close   fermer
to close the borders   fermer les frontières
to climb   grimper
to cough   tousser
to die   mourir
to disinfect   dĂ©sinfecter
to feel sick   se sentir malade
to flatten the curve   aplatir la courbe
to greet   saluer
to hospitalize   hospitaliser
to infect   infecter
to kiss cheeks   faire la bise
to postpone   reporter
to protect   protĂ©ger
to screen, test   dĂ©pister
to shake hands   se serrer la main
to slow down   freiner
to sneeze
  (response: bless you)
   (Ă  tes souhaits / Ă  vos souhaits)
to spread   propager
to stay home   rester chez soi
ne pas se déplacer
to stock up   s’approvisionner
faire ses provisions
to supply   approvisionner
to threaten   menacer
to vaccinate   vacciner
to wash hands   se laver les mains

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Infectious diseases - French vocabulary

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