Infectious Diseases

Maladies contagieuses
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Maladies contagieuses

Essential French vocabulary related to statistics, symptoms, prevention, and treatment of infectious diseases.

 Note: I am not a health professional and this is not intended as advice or any sort of official information.

This vocabulary is provided as-is to help French learners who may be impacted by or interested in infectious diseases in general and novel coronavirus / COVID-19 in particular.

crisis une crise
disease une maladie
epicenter Ă©picentre  (masc)
epidemic une Ă©pidĂ©mie
health crisis une crise sanitaire
infection une infection
outbreak un accès
pandemic une pandĂ©mie
public health la santĂ© publique
   
diagnostic test un test diagnostic
screening test un test de dĂ©pistage
swab un prĂ©lèvement
test results le rĂ©sultat des tests
positive positif
negative nĂ©gatif
inconclusive non concluant
pas conculant
peu conclant
   
asymptomatic asymptomatique
carrier un porteur
une porteuse
confirmed case un cas confirmĂ©
incubation period la pĂ©riode d’incubation
isolated case un cas isolĂ©
patient zero le patient zĂ©ro
la patiente zéro
presumed case un cas prĂ©sumĂ©
probable case un cas probable
serious case un cas grave
suspected case un cas suspect
spreading la contagion
la diffusion
la propagation
   
compromised immune system un système immunitaire compromis
elderly people les personnes âgĂ©es
immunocompromised immunodĂ©primĂ©
pre-existing condition une maladie prĂ©existante
une pathologie antérieure
underlying condition une condition sous-jacente
vulnerable people les personnes fragiles
   
symptom un symptĂ´me
un indice
bacteria la bactĂ©rie
body aches des courbatures  (fem)
breathing difficulties difficultĂ©s respiratoires
cough une toux
fever une fièvre
flu la grippe
headache un mal de tĂŞte
infected infectĂ©
contaminé
respiratory illness une maladie respiratoire
shortness of breath essoufflement
sick malade
virus le virus
   
blockade le barrage
curfew un couvre-feu
forbidden interdit
gathering un rassemblement
gloves les gants  (masc)
hand sanitizer le dĂ©sinfectant pour les mains
le gel assainissant pour les mains
le gel hydro-alcoolique
health certification le pass sanitaire
herd immunity immunitĂ© collective
indefinitely pour une durĂ©e indĂ©terminĂ©e
isolation isolement  (masc)
lockdown le confinement total
mask un masque
panic buying les achats de prĂ©caution
physical contact le contact physique
pneumonia la pneumonie
quarantine la quarantaine
quarantine line le cordon sanitaire
risk area une zone Ă  risque
self-isolation auto-isolement
social distancing la distanciation sociale
surgical mask un masque chirurgical
vaccine un vaccin
   
critical care les soins critiques
a death un dĂ©cès
death rate le taux de mortalitĂ©
ICU USI
intensive care les soins intensifs
la réanimation
recovery la guĂ©rison
treatment le traitement
ventilator un respirateur
   
Verbs Verbes  (click for conjugations)
to affect toucher
to authorize autoriser
to avoid Ă©viter
to be on a ventilator ĂŞtre en ventilation assistĂ©e
être ventilé
  (informal)
to be sick ĂŞtre malade
to breathe respirer
to close fermer
to close the borders fermer les frontières
to climb grimper
monter
to cough tousser
to die mourir
décéder
to disinfect dĂ©sinfecter
to feel sick se sentir malade
to flatten the curve aplatir la courbe
to greet saluer
to hospitalize hospitaliser
to infect infecter
to kiss cheeks faire la bise
to postpone reporter
décaler
to protect protĂ©ger
to screen, test dĂ©pister
to shake hands se serrer la main
to slow down freiner
ralentir
to sneeze
  (response: bless you)
 Ă©ternuer
   (Ă  tes souhaits / Ă  vos souhaits)
to spread propager
disséminer
to stay home rester chez soi
ne pas se déplacer
to stock up s’approvisionner
faire ses provisions
to supply approvisionner
to threaten menacer
to vaccinate vacciner
to wash hands se laver les mains

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Infectious diseases - French vocabulary

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