Aphereses

French aphereses
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French abbreviations

A few dozen French words have a shortened form called an apheresis or aphaeresis, which is created by dropping one or more syllables at the beginning of the word. Some of these are further modified by adding an extra sound to the end.

 À noter

  • Many aphereses are informal.
  • Words created by dropping syllables at the end of the word are called apocopes (and are much more common than aphereses)
ApheresisRegisterShort forTranslation
Bastien(nickname)Sébastien 
un blème(fam)un problèmeproblem
un bougna
un bougnat
(archaic)un charbougnatcoalman
un bouif(inf)un ribouiscobbler
un bus un autobusbus
    
un car un autocarbus
le centile percentilepercentile
un chandail marchand d’ailthick sweater
‘ci(fam)mercithank you
un cipal(archaic)un garde municipal~local police
Colas(nickname)Nicolas 
‘core encoreagain, still
    
Drian(nickname)Adrian 
droper(inf)adroperto run
    
‘fin(inf)enfinwell, I mean
    
‘garde(inf)regardeimperative
un gnard(inf)mignardkid
un gnon(inf)oignonhit, blow
    
‘Jour BonjourHello
    
las(archaic)hélasalas
    
man(inf)mamanmom
Messieurs, ‘dames(greeting)Messieurs, MesdamesSir, Ma’am
    
le Net l’Internetinternet
    
pitaine(fam)capitainecaptain
    
Sandre(nickname)Alexandre 
‘Soir(greeting)BonsoirGood evening
Soize(nickname)Françoise 
un steak un beefsteaksteak
    
tiot(inf)petiottiny, teeny-weeny
Toine(nickname)Antoine 
la touffeur(archaic)étouffersweltering heat
un troquet(inf)un mastroquetcafé
tudieu(archaic)vertu (de) Dieuzounds


 These two aphereses are derogatory slang, for reference only. You should never say them.

bochealboche German
ricainaméricain American

 Related vocabulary

Clothes

Family

Food

 Greetings

People

Nationalities

 

Professions

Transportation

Weather

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French aphereses

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