French Easter vocabulary
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Springy French Vocabulary

Easter’s date changes every year: it occurs on the first Sunday after the first full moon on or after the vernal equinox – so somewhere between 22 March and 25 April.

The week immediately preceding Easter (Sunday to Saturday) is called Holy Week. Here’s all the French vocabulary you need to celebrate this Christian period of renewal.

Easter le Pâques, les Pâques (f)
Passover la Pâque
spring le printemps
Lent le carême
Holy Week la Semaine Sainte
Palm Sunday dimanche des Rameaux
Pâques fleuries
Shrove Tuesday mardi gras
Ash Wednesday mercredi des Cendres
Maundy Thursday jeudi saint
Good Friday vendredi saint
Easter Sunday  le dimanche de Pâques
Easter Day  le jour de Pâques
Easter Monday lundi de Pâques

French Easter expressions

Joyeuses Pâques ! Bonnes Pâques !   Happy Easter!
Noël au balcon, Pâques au tison  A warm Christmas means a cold Easter
À Pâques ou à la Trinité  very late, never

  In the French tradition, all the church bells fly to the Vatican on Maunday Thursday, leaving churches silent. They return on Easter with eggs and chocolates, and ring once again.

basket un panier
to bless bénir
branch un rameau
bunny un lapin
chick un poussin
chocolate le chocolat
chocolate egg un œuf en chocolat
church une église
church bell une cloche
daffodil une jonquille
Easter (adjective) pascal*
Easter brioche la gâche de Pâques
Easter egg hunt la chasse aux œufs
Easter procession un défilé pascal
egg un œuf
fast day un jour de jeûne
to fly voler
flying bell une cloche volante
hen une poule
lamb un agneau
meatless meal un repas maigre
nest un nid
to paint peindre
Pope le pape
pork le porc
priest prêtre
rabbit un lapin
to ring, toll sonner
wing une aile
woven palm leaves palmes tressées

  Easter Monday is a public holiday and is traditionally celebrated with pâquette, where families eat omelettes together. In Bessières (Haute-Garonne), there’s an annual Easter festival featuring the preparation and consumption of a giant Easter omelette: l’omelette pascale et géante, which is 4 meters (13 feet) in diameter and contains 15,000 eggs. (This is unrelated to la Fête de l’omelette géante [3 meters] that takes place every September in Fréjus [Var].)

* Boys and girls born on or near Easter are often named Pascal and Pascale.

 Easter Quizzes

Think you’ve got it? Test yourself on some French Easter terms with this fill-in-the-blank exercise: Joyeuses Pâques

Combine Easter vocabulary with future conjugations in this one: Pâques chez Lise

Or how about a writing challenge? Easter Decorations

Note: You must be logged into your Progress with Lawless French account to do these exercises. If you don’t have one, sign up – it’s free!

French listening comprehension French listening practice

 Related lessons

French lesson plans French lesson plans

More from LKL

French vocabulary for other holidays

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French Easter vocabulary

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