Expressions of Quantity

French expressions of quantity
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Expressions de quantité

Expressions of quantity express how much or how many of a given noun.

Adverbs of quantity
assez de   quite, fairly, enough
autant de   as much, as many
beaucoup de   a lot of
bien de   quite a few
combien de   how many, much
encore de   more
la majorité de*   the majority of
un maximum de   a lot
un minimum de   a little
la minorité de*   the minority of
moins de   less, fewer
un nombre de   a number of
pas mal de   quite a few
(un) peu de   few, little, not very
la plupart de*   most
plus de   more
une quantité de   a lot of
tant de   so much, so many
trop de   too much, too many
     
Approximate amounts
une bouchée de   a mouthful of
une gorgée de   a sip, gulp of
une poignée de   a handful of
etc.
 
   
Approximate numbers
une douzaine de   a dozen
une centaine de   about a hundred
milliers de   thousands
etc.
 
   
Containers
une boîte de   a can of
une bouteille de   a bottle of
un carton de   a box of
un pot du   a jar/cup of
une tasse de   a cup of
un verre de   a glass of
     
Weights and measures
un litre de   a liter of
un kilo de   a kilo of
un mètre de   a meter of

Most of the above expressions are followed by de plus a noun with no article.*

Il va lire une douzaine de livres.   He’s going to read a dozen books.
J’ai acheté plus de dix bouteilles de vin.   I bought more than ten bottles of wine.
Combien d’argent as-tu dépensé ?   How much money did you spend?

 However, when the noun is specific, the article is needed (in both French and English).

Il va lire une douzaine des livres que tu as recommandés.   He’s going to read a dozen of the books you recommended.
J’ai acheté dix bouteilles du vin que tu aimes.   I bought ten bottles of the wine you like.
Combien de l’argent que je t’ai prêté as-tu dépensé ?   How much of the money I loaned you did you spend?

Learn more: De vs du, de la, des

*Except for the starred phrases, which always require the article.

La majorité des questions sont intéressantes.   The majority of the questions are interesting.
La plupart des étudiants seront en retard.   Most of the students will be late.

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