IPA – Consonants

French IPA - Consonants
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Consonnes en IPA

French has a total of 20 French consonant sounds, and thus 20 IPA symbols for these sounds. However, three of these sounds are only in words borrowed from other languages and one is very rare, so there are really just 16 French essential consonant sounds.

Click the links under "spelling" for detailed lessons on those letters, and the links under "examples" for sound files.

IPA Spelling Examples Notes
[b] B busbarbe  
[k] C
CH
CK
K
QU
content
psychologie
ticket
parking
chèque
 
[d] D degrégrande  
[f] F
PH
févriersoif
téléphone
 
[g] G guichetagacé  
[ʒ] G
J
gênersage
juintrajet
 
[h] H hou always optional
[ l ] L lavergallois  
[m] M melonnuméro  
[n] N neigecarnet  
[ɲ] GN ligneespagnol  
[ŋ] NG building words from English
[p] P poivronsurpris  
[ʀ] R rosepriorité  
[s] C
C
S
SC
SS
TI
X
cicatrice
garçon
sage
sciences
grosse
circulation
six






 
[ʃ] CH
SH
enchanté
short
 
[t] D
T
TH
quand on
tickethonteux
athlétique
only in liaisons
 
 
[v] F
V
W
neuf ans
voleur
wagon
only in liaisons
 
words from German
[x] J
KH
jota
cheikh
words from Spanish
words from Arabic
[z] S
X
Z
gasoil
deux enfants
néo-zélandais
 
only in liaisons
 

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