C

French consonant

The letter C has two pronunciations:

1) Soft – In front of a soft vowel, C is pronounced like an S. Phonetic symbol: [s]

Par exemple…
  the letter c
  une cerise   cherry
  merci   thank you

2) Hard – In front of a hard vowel or a consonant, C is pronounced like a K. Phonetic symbol: [k]

Par exemple…
  le cadeau   gift
  le sucre   sugar

Potential French mistake When C precedes a hard vowel but needs a soft pronunciation, ç (cédille) is added to make it soft. That’s why ç is only used in front of the hard vowels A, O, or U, never in front of the soft vowels E, I, or Y.

Par exemple…
  ça va ?   how are you?
  le reçu   receipt

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French pronunciation

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