The letter G has two pronunciations.
1) Soft (in front of E, I, or Y) – pronounced like the g in "massage," identical to the French J. Phonetic symbol: [ʒ]
|the letter g|
|nous mangeons||we eat|
2) Hard (in front of A, O, U, or a consonant) – pronounced like the g in "gold." Phonetic symbol: [g]
|la gare||train station|
- When G precedes a soft vowel but needs a hard pronunciation, U is added to make it hard.
- When G precedes a hard vowel but needs a soft pronunciation, as for spelling change verbs, E is added to make it soft.
See vowel lesson "Effect on consonants: hard vs soft" for more info.
- Letter combinations: GN | NG
- Introduction to consonants
- Introduction to vowels
- French alphabet
- Spelling change verbs
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