What do buying clothes, talking about art, and shopping for fruits and vegetables have in common? Color! If you want to make sure to buy red tomatoes and critique an artist’s use of green, you’ll need to know the French colors.

  jaune   (yellow) orange    
  rouge   (red)


vert   (green) vert foncé   (dark green)   bleu clair   (light blue)
blanc   (white)   gris   (gray)


Colors are adjectives, and like other adjectives, they must agree with the nouns they modify in gender and number. For colors that are pronounced differently when masculine vs feminine (e.g., gris/grise, violet/violette, blanc/blanche), both are pronounced in the sound files.


1) Like most colors derived from foods, orange and marron are invariable.

des chemises orange   orange shirts
une écharpe marron   a brown scarf

2) When a color is qualified by clair (light) or foncé (dark), both words are invariable.

des chaussettes bleu foncé   dark blue socks
une robe violet clair   a light purple dress
French game Game Colors Concentration

French expressions with colors

 Related lessons

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