French colors
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What do buying clothes, talking about art, and shopping for fruits and vegetables have in common? Color! If you want to make sure to buy red tomatoes and critique an artist’s use of green, you’ll need to know the French colors.

jaune yellow
orange orange
rouge red
rose pink
violet purple
bleu blue
vert green
noir black
brun brown
marron chestnut
gris gray
blanc white
bleu clair light blue
vert foncé dark green

Light and dark

The qualifiers clair (light) and foncé (dark) can be used with any color:

  • violet clair, vert clair (light purple, light green)
  • rouge foncé, bleu foncé (dark red, dark blue)


Colors are adjectives, and like other adjectives, they usually must agree with the nouns they modify in gender and number. For colors that are pronounced differently when masculine vs feminine (e.g., gris/grise, violet/violette, blanc/blanche), both are pronounced in the sound files.

But there are many exceptions: agreement with color adjectives.

French expressions with colors

 Color Quizzes

Think you’ve got it? Test yourself on French colors with these fill-in-the-blank exercises:

Note: You must be logged into your Progress with Lawless French account to take these tests. If you don’t have one, sign up – it’s free!

 Related lessons

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Colors in French

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