Tu Imperative

Impératif de la deuxième personne du singulier

The majority of imperative conjugations are identical to their present tense conjugations – the only difference is that there’s no subject pronoun. The exception is the tu form of some verbs, in some constructions.

The basic rule is this: The imperative tu conjugation for –er, –frir, and –vrir verbs is the present tense minus the final s:

Par exemple…

Parle plus lentement.   Speak more slowly.
Va trouver ton frère.   Go find your brother.
Ouvre-nous la porte.   Open the door for us.
Offre-lui-en.   Offer him some.

However, when the tu imperative is followed directly by an adverbial pronoun (en or y), the final s must be maintained for euphony.

Vas-y !   Go ahead!
Parles-en.   Talk about it.
Découvres-y un monde magique.   Discover a magical world there.

 With the exception of the four irregular imperatives listed in the imperative lesson, the tu imperative of all other -ir verbs and all -re verbs is identical to the tu present tense – the s is always maintained:

Finis tes devoirs.   Finish your homework.
Ne sors pas ce soir.   Don’t go out tonight.
Prends ton anorak.   Take your jacket.

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French imperative


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