Ramadan

French Ramadan vocabulary
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Festive French vocabulary

The holy month of Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. It begins about 11 days earlier each year, because the calendar is lunar and thus shorter than the Gregorian calendar, which is solar.

What is Ramadan?

Ramadan is a holy month during which nearly all Muslims* are required to fast during daylight hours (sunrise to sunset). The fast is broken at sunset with iftar (breakfast).

 * Except children and anyone who is sick, traveling, menstruating, pregnant, or breastfeeding.

How do you say "Happy Ramadan" in French?

  • Joyeux Ramadan !
  • Bon Ramadan !

French Vocabulary for Ramadan

alms l’aumône (fem)
Mecca La Mecque
month le mois
Muslim musulman
new moon la nouvelle lune
pilgrimage le pèlerinage
Quran le Coran
reflection la réflexion
   
Fasting Le jeûne
no eating on ne mange pas
no drinking on ne boit pas
no smoking on ne fume pas
no sex on n’a pas de rapports sexuels
from sunrise du lever de soleil
to sunset au coucher de soleil
breakfast le petit déjeuner
   
Ramadan Foods Aliments de Ramadan
apricot un abricot
bell pepper un poivron
chickpeas les pois-chiches
date une date
eggplant une aubergine
fig une figue
lamb l’agneau (masc)
milk le lait
rice le riz
salad la salade
soup la soupe
zucchini une courgette
   
Ramadan Verbs Verbes de Ramadan
to abstain s’abstenir
to break the fast rompre le jeûne
to fast jeûner, faire un jeûne
to make a pilgrimage faire un pèlerinage
to pray prier

5 pillars of Islam – Les 5 pilliers de l’Islam

1.faith la foi
2.prayer la prière
3.charity la charité
4.fasting during Ramadan le jeûne pendant Ramadan
5.pilgrimage to Mecca le pèlerinage à La Mecque

 The required-once-in-a-lifetime pilgrimage is called Hajj and usually occurs during the last month of the year. During the last week or so of Ramadan, a lesser pilgrimage called Umrah is often made.

 Related features

More from LKL

French holiday expressions

French vocabulary for other holidays

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French Ramadan vocabulary

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