Ramadan

Festive French vocabulary

French Ramadan vocabulary
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The holy month of Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. It begins about 11 days earlier each year, because the calendar is lunar and thus shorter than the Gregorian calendar, which is solar.

What is Ramadan?

Ramadan is a holy month during which nearly all Muslims* are required to fast during daylight hours (sunrise to sunset). The fast is broken at sunset with iftar (breakfast).

*Except children; anyone who is sick or traveling; and women who are menstruating, pregnant, or breastfeeding.

 alms   l’aumône (fem) 
Ramadan moonMecca La Mecque 
Muslim musulman 
new moon la nouvelle lune 
pilgrimage le pèlerinage 
Quran le Coran 
 reflection la réflexion 
     
 Fasting Le jeûne 
 no eating on ne mange pas 
 no drinking on ne boit pasRamadan sunrise
no smoking on ne fume pas
no sex on n’a pas de rapports sexuels
from sunrise du lever de soleil
to sunset au coucher de soleil
 breakfast le petit déjeuner 
     
 Ramadan Foods Aliments de Ramadan 
 apricot un abricot 
 bell pepper un poivron 
Ramadan dates date une date 
eggplant une aubergine 
fig une figue 
lamb l’agneau (masc) 
milk le lait 
 rice le riz 
 salad la salade 
 soup la soupe 
 zucchini une courgette 
     
 Ramadan Verbs Verbes de Ramadan 
 to abstain s’abstenirRamadan prayer
 to break the fast rompre le jeûne
 to fast jeûner, faire un jeûne
 to make a pilgrimage faire un pèlerinage
 to pray prier

How do you say Happy Ramadan in French?

  • Joyeux Ramadan !
  • Bon Ramadan !

5 pillars of Islam – Les 5 pilliers de l’Islam

1. faith   la foi
2. prayer   la prière
3. charity   la charité
4. fasting during Ramadan   le jeûne pendant Ramadan
5. pilgrimage to Mecca   le pèlerinage à La Mecque

The required-once-in-a-lifetime pilgrimage is called Hajj and usually occurs during the last month of the year. During the last week or so of Ramadan, a lesser pilgrimage called Umrah is often made.

 Related features

French holiday expressions

French vocabulary for other holidays

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