Ramadan

Festive French vocabulary

French Ramadan vocabulary
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The holy month of Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. It begins about 11 days earlier each year, because the calendar is lunar and thus shorter than the Gregorian calendar, which is solar.

What is Ramadan?

Ramadan is a holy month during which nearly all Muslims* are required to fast during daylight hours (sunrise to sunset). The fast is broken at sunset with iftar (breakfast).

*Except children; anyone who is sick or traveling; and women who are menstruating, pregnant, or breastfeeding.

  alms   l’aumône (fem)  
Ramadan moon Mecca   La Mecque  
Muslim   musulman  
new moon   la nouvelle lune  
pilgrimage   le pèlerinage  
Quran   le Coran  
  reflection   la réflexion  
         
  Fasting   Le jeûne  
  no eating   on ne mange pas  
  no drinking   on ne boit pas Ramadan sunrise
no smoking   on ne fume pas
no sex   on n’a pas de rapports sexuels
from sunrise   du lever de soleil
to sunset   au coucher de soleil
  breakfast   le petit déjeuner  
         
  Ramadan Foods   Aliments de Ramadan  
  apricot   un abricot  
  bell pepper   un poivron  
Ramadan dates date   une date  
eggplant   une aubergine  
fig   une figue  
lamb   l’agneau (masc)  
milk   le lait  
  rice   le riz  
  salad   la salade  
  soup   la soupe  
  zucchini   une courgette  
         
  Ramadan Verbs   Verbes de Ramadan  
  to abstain   s’abstenir Ramadan prayer
  to break the fast   rompre le jeûne
  to fast   jeûner, faire un jeûne
  to make a pilgrimage   faire un pèlerinage
  to pray   prier

How do you say Happy Ramadan in French?

  • Joyeux Ramadan !
  • Bon Ramadan !

5 pillars of Islam – Les 5 pilliers de l’Islam

1. faith   la foi
2. prayer   la prière
3. charity   la charité
4. fasting during Ramadan   le jeûne pendant Ramadan
5. pilgrimage to Mecca   le pèlerinage à La Mecque

The required-once-in-a-lifetime pilgrimage is called Hajj and usually occurs during the last month of the year. During the last week or so of Ramadan, a lesser pilgrimage called Umrah is often made.

 Related features

French holiday expressions

French vocabulary for other holidays

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