Required Liaisons

Liaisons obligatoires

French required liaisons
Share / Tweet / Pin Me!

Liaisons between syntactically related words, such as an article and its noun, or a subject pronoun and its verb, are required. Of course, there are always exceptions, but here are the main types of required liaisons.

1. Nominal group

a) Article + noun  or  adjective
 les amis[lay zah mee]
 les anciens élèves[lay za(n) syeh(n) zay lehv]
b) Number + noun  or  adjective
 un homme[uh(n) nuhm]
 deux enfants[deu za(n) fa(n)]
c)Adjective + noun  or  adjective
 les anciens élèves[lay za(n) syeh(n) zay lehv]
 mes élèves[may zay lev]
 petit ami[peu tee tah mee]

2. Verbal group

a)Pronoun + pronoun
 Nous en avons[noo za(n) nah vo(n)]
b)Pronoun + verb  or  adjective
 Nous en avons[noo za(n) nah vo(n)]
 Ont-ils[o(n) teel]
 Vous avez[voo zah vay]

3. Single-syllable adverbs, conjunctions, and prepositions*

bien étrange[byeh nay tra(n)zh]
chez elle[shay zehl]
quand on décidera[ka(n) to(n) day see deh rah]
tout entier[too ta(n) tyay]
très utile[treh zu teel]

4. Quand + est-ce que **

Quand est-ce que[ka(n) teh skeu]

5. Fixed expressions

Par exemple…

avant hier[ah va(n) tyer]
c’est-à-dire[say tah deer]
comment allez-vous ?[ko ma(n) tah lay voo]
plus ou moins[plu zoo mwa(n)]

 Notes

* See exceptions in optional liaisons.

** Also see forbidden liaisons.

 Related lessons

 Share / Tweet / Pin Me!

French liaisons

Any Questions?

 Ask away in the comments section below or start a conversation on any of the Lawless French social media pages.
 

More Lawless French

 Subscribe to my twice-weekly newsletter.
      

Support Lawless French

  This free website is created with love and a great deal of work.

If you love it, please consider making a one-time or monthly donation.

Your support is entirely optional but tremendously appreciated.

1 Response

  1. Koko 24 September 2014 / 9:55

    I just found your amazing french lessons today,I am very inspired to read more and looking forward to teach my french students.
    Thank you verey much!