Ci- Prefix

Ci- French prefix
Share / Tweet / Pin Me!

Le préfixe ci

The French prefix ci– can be added to various parts of speech to indicate the location or inclusion of something mentioned in a document.

Ci– is most often added to adverbs or prepositions.

Par exemple…

ci-après after this
ci-contre across from this, facing this
ci-derrière behind (this)
ci-dessous below (this)
ci-dessus above (this)
ci-devant in front (of this)

Ci- can also be placed in front of an adjective (past participle):

ci-annexĂ© attached here / to this
ci-attachĂ© attached here / to this
ci-gĂ®t here lies (on a tombstone)
ci-inclus enclosed (with this)
ci-joint attached (to this)
ci-mentionnĂ© mentioned here

Agreement with ci-

When ci- is attached to an adverb or preposition, there is no agreement.

Veuillez trouver la photo ci-dessous. Please find the photo below.
Voyez les dĂ©tails ci-contre. See details on facing page

Things get more complicated when ci- is attached to a past participle.

1) If ci-participle precedes the noun, the phrase serves as an adverb and there is no agreement:

Vous trouverez ci-inclus la photo. You’ll find the photo enclosed.
Voyez ci-joint les dĂ©tails. See the details attached.

2) When ci-participle follows the noun it modifies, the phrase is being used as an adjective and thus there is agreement:

Veuillez trouver la photo ci-incluse. Please find the enclosed photo.
Les dĂ©tails ci-joints sont secrets. The attached details are classified.

 Related lessons

 Share / Tweet / Pin Me!

French prefix ci-

  Lawless French Files:  

Stay up to date with Lawless French

Questions about French?

 Ask me in the comments section below or visit the Progress with Lawless French Q+A forum to get help from native French speakers and fellow learners.

More Lawless French

 Subscribe to my twice-weekly newsletter.

Support Lawless French

  This free website is created with love and a great deal of work.

If you love it, please consider making a one-time or monthly donation.

Your support is entirely optional but tremendously appreciated.