French nasal vowel

The nasal I is represented by the IPA symbol [ɛ̃] and is pronounced [eh(n)]:

[ɛ̃] has many possible spellings:

  • im
  • in
  • aim
  • ain
  • eim
  • ein
  • em
  • en
  • um*
  • un*
  • ym
  • yn

  Em and en are only pronounced [ɛ̃] after é, i, and y. Otherwise, they are pronounced [ɑ̃].

*See [œ̃] lesson

Par exemple…

cinq   five
le pain   bread
impuissant   powerless
le parrain   godfather
européen   European
végétarien   vegetarian

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French nasal vowels

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