Ramadan

French Ramadan vocabulary
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Festive French vocabulary

The holy month of Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. It begins about 11 days earlier each year, because the calendar is lunar and thus shorter than the Gregorian calendar, which is solar.

What is Ramadan?

Ramadan is a holy month during which nearly all Muslims* are required to fast during daylight hours (sunrise to sunset). The fast is broken at sunset with iftar (breakfast).

 * Except children and anyone who is sick, traveling, menstruating, pregnant, or breastfeeding.

How do you say "Happy Ramadan" in French?

  • Joyeux Ramadan !
  • Bon Ramadan !

French Vocabulary for Ramadan

alms   l’aumône (fem)
Mecca   La Mecque
month   le mois
Muslim   musulman
new moon   la nouvelle lune
pilgrimage   le pèlerinage
Quran   le Coran
reflection   la réflexion
     
Fasting   Le jeûne
no eating   on ne mange pas
no drinking   on ne boit pas
no smoking   on ne fume pas
no sex   on n’a pas de rapports sexuels
from sunrise   du lever de soleil
to sunset   au coucher de soleil
breakfast   le petit déjeuner
     
Ramadan Foods   Aliments de Ramadan
apricot   un abricot
bell pepper   un poivron
chickpeas   les pois-chiches
date   une date
eggplant   une aubergine
fig   une figue
lamb   l’agneau (masc)
milk   le lait
rice   le riz
salad   la salade
soup   la soupe
zucchini   une courgette
     
Ramadan Verbs   Verbes de Ramadan
to abstain   s’abstenir
to break the fast   rompre le jeûne
to fast   jeûner, faire un jeûne
to make a pilgrimage   faire un pèlerinage
to pray   prier

5 pillars of Islam – Les 5 pilliers de l’Islam

1. faith   la foi
2. prayer   la prière
3. charity   la charité
4. fasting during Ramadan   le jeûne pendant Ramadan
5. pilgrimage to Mecca   le pèlerinage à La Mecque

 The required-once-in-a-lifetime pilgrimage is called Hajj and usually occurs during the last month of the year. During the last week or so of Ramadan, a lesser pilgrimage called Umrah is often made.

 Related features

More from LKL

French holiday expressions

French vocabulary for other holidays

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French Ramadan vocabulary

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