Celebratory French Vocabulary

French Passover vocabulary
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The Jewish festival of Passover lasts for seven or eight days sometime in March or April. The dates vary because this holiday is not based on the Gregorian calendar, aka solar calendar. Passover begins on the 15th of Nisan, the first month in the Hebrew calendar.

In 2024, Passover begins on 22 April; in 2025 it will begin on 12 April. Here’s some French vocabulary to help you celebrate this Jewish celebration of freedom.*

Passover   la Pâque
Easter   le Pâques, les Pâques (f)
spring   le printemps
exodus   l’exode
freedom   la liberté
Messiah   le Messie
prayer   la prière
prophet   le prophète
rabbi   le rabbin
slavery   l’esclavage, la servitude
story   une histoire
yarmulke   la kippa
bitter herbs   les herbes amères
brisket   la poitrine de bœuf
carrot   une carotte
charoset   le charoset
(une pâte sucrée qui symbolise le mortier)
Gefilte fish   une boulette de poisson
grape juice   le jus de raisin
horseradish   le raifort
kosher   casher, kasher
lettuce   la laitue, la salade
matzoh ball   une boulette de pain azyme
nuts   les fruits secs
orange   une orange
parsley   le persil
potato   une pomme de terre
prune   un pruneau
roast chicken   le poulet rôti
roasted egg   un œuf rôti
shankbone   un os du jarret d’agneau
spices   les épices
sweet potato   une patate douce
unleavened bread   le pain azyme
le pain sans levain
wine   le vin
to bless   bénir
to eat   manger
to pray   prier
to symbolize   symboliser
to tell (a story)   raconter (une histoire)

* I am not Jewish, so I’ve collected this information from various resources. If there are any mistakes or major omissions, please let me know and I’ll be happy to fix them.

 Related lessons

French vocabulary for other holidays

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French Passover vocabulary

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